The decree on anti-abandonment seats for children was published on 23 October in the Official Gazette and the obligation comes into force today, 7 October, after 15 days. The technical characteristics of the seats have also been specified. Let’s find out what they are.
Today, November 7th, the obligation to comply with your child’s car seat is triggered. On 23 October the decree of the Ministry of Infrastructures that specifies was published in the Official Gazette dates and characteristics of anti-abandonment devices for children. A long-awaited decree that will reduce the cases of dissociative amnesia (also known as memory blackout) and save the lives of children.
In 2018, according to research presented by producer Remmy, there were 45 reports of parents who forgot their baby in the car, not to mention all the incidents that are not reported.
As the Ministry of Transport recalled yesterday, the obligation comes into force today, 7 November.
Let’s discover the characteristics of these devices, but paying attention to one detail: it is better to wait a little longer before proceeding with the purchases because it is not certain that the products now on the market are up to standard.
What is an anti-abandonment device?
As specified, the ministerial decree is an “alarm device, consisting of one or more interconnected elements, whose function is to prevent the abandonment of children under the age of four, on board vehicles of categories M1, N1, N2 and N3 and which is activated in the event of the driver leaving the vehicle “.
Initially, the decree was supposed to come into force on March 6, 2020
Contrary to what had been hoped two weeks ago, the obligation to use anti-abandonment devices comes into force 15 days after publication in the Gazzetta and not after 120 days, thus arriving on March 6 next year.
For this from today, November 7, it becomes mandatory to have anti-abandonment devices in the car when there is a child under four years old.
The penalties provided
Those who do not comply will incur the violations provided for by art. 172 CdS with administrative sanction from 81 euros to 326 euros (payment within 5 days. 56.70 euros) and the deduction of 5 points from the driving license.
The anti-abandonment device can be:
- originally integrated into the child restraint system;
- a basic equipment or a vehicle accessory, included in the vehicle type-approval file;
- independent of both the child restraint system and the vehicle.
It must also:
- activate automatically every time the child is placed in the seat;
- give a confirmation signal that activation has occurred;
- have an alarm that includes visual and acoustic or visual and haptic signals (i.e. substantially vibrations or similar sensations, which can be felt to the touch) perceptible both inside and outside the vehicle;
- comply with EU regulations on product safety and have the CE marking;
- work thanks to an electronic system and sensors;
- be compatible with the attachments of the belts and seat and with any other parts of the vehicle, without altering the homologation characteristics;
- have a low battery signal, if battery powered;
- automatically send messages or calls
Never trust technology 100%
But be careful to blindly rely on an electronic device. We are talking about alarms that go through a cell phone that could be turned off, without battery, with bluetooth off, without range or without data traffic, if necessary.
We therefore report again the advice of the Minister of Health to prevent dissociative blackouts and not to forget the children in cars.
- If you see a child alone in the car, call 112 (the single European number for emergencies) or 113.
- When transporting your baby in the back seat, leave your personal items behind (bag, phone, briefcase …).
- Instead, place the objects on the front seat (diapers, bags, pacifiers …).
- Do you accompany the child to kindergarten or nursery? Put a reminder on your mobile or diary, to note whether you have brought it to its destination or not.
- If there is a change in plans when picking up or accompanying the baby, please notify your partner.
- Ask the person who usually takes care of the child (the teacher, the babysitter, the tagesmutter) to notify you if the child has not been accompanied as usual.
- Install a device that rings or lights up if you leave the child alone in the car and close the car (the one that the current decree provides).
- When no one is in the car, leave the doors and trunk closed and keep the keys out of the reach of children.
THE LAW ON CHILD SEATS IN FORCE
In this picture, the law on the transport of minors by car remains unaffected, foreseen byArticle 172 of the Highway Code which provides for the obligation to install restraint systems for children up to 150 centimeters in height.
Parents can then choose the seats on the basis of two European standards that currently coexist: the UN ECE R44 and the more recent UN ECE R129 (i-Size) and their subsequent revisions.
The two have several differences: the classification by weight of the first and by height the second; the obligation to carry in the opposite direction of travel set at 9 kg for the R44 / 04 and up to 15 months for the R129; and the crash tests, which in the case of the i-Size also evaluate the side impact in addition to that …