The midwife explains why white vaginal discharge can appear early in pregnancy or during your period. How to distinguish physiological white losses from those resulting from infections?
The experience of being with some white vaginal discharge of various consistencies concerns many women, I would say almost all, and many of us are confused as to whether or not to carry out diagnostic investigations. In addition, numerous questions on the forum concern this particular topic, and then through this article I want to be as clear as possible about it, in order to solve the doubts as much as possible. We will analyze one by one the most common conditions in which they can occur white losses and in conclusion I would like to give you some indications on how to distinguish physiological losses from losses deriving from bacterial infections or from alteration of the vaginal flora.
Video: White vaginal discharge in pregnancy and not
White discharge and ovulation
As we all know there is a period of period when we are most fertile, and this is precisely the period of ovulation. To explain very briefly the physiology of the menstrual cycle, what happens in this case is a greater production of cervical mucus, of a basically transparent or whitish color. The purpose of these secretions is to favor any spermatozoa in the ascent towards the fertilization. In fact, being the vaginal environment extremely inhospitable for spermatozoa, having a very low PH and aggressive agents, it would be impossible for them to reach their destination. Then it happens that under the hormonal push this very stringy mucus is produced, which forms real “passable channels” inside the vagina in which the spermatozoa pass and are able to enter the cervical canal more easily. So you can infer that these white vaginal discharge they are absolutely physiological, but they are in variable quantities and are not necessarily seen by the woman on the panties or on the toilet paper. Women who take the pill for example will not have this type of loss because ovulation does not occur, they may have others that we will later analyze. If we are trying to have a baby, therefore, it is important to also know how to “read” the type of cervical mucus in the various days.
White discharge before your period
We have seen before that the losses can be physiological and substantially linked to the hormonal setting, that is to the quantity and type of hormones present. After ovulation there is a new modification of the circulating hormones and this affects the delicate balance of the vaginal area. So it is possible that these will be produced whitish discharge. In this case it is the women who take the pill who can see the effects. In fact, very often for the entire period of intake they have whitish losses from taking estrogen-progestins, which disappear in the week of suspension, and then reappear with the new blister. It should not be forgotten that inside our vagina there is a lactobacillus, a bacterium in all respects, but of the good ones: Doderlein’s lactobacillus. This bacillus is responsible for maintaining stable conditions within our vagina. So after ovulation, after mucus has been produced that favors the spermatozoa in the ascent, it is its task to “clean up” what has been left (mucus residues, spermatozoa now inactive, bacteria coming from the outside, etc. etc.). And it does so by producing these whitish leaks that can easily be expelled.
Period delay and white discharge
At least once in their life, everyone has had a delay in their period, desired or not, and this leads us to pay much more attention to what happens in the genital area than in everyday life. At this moment we consider the situation of cycle delay and absence of pregnancy, later we will deal with losses in pregnancy. The white losses in this case they can have different characteristics, occur at certain times of the day (mainly in the evening), be more or less abundant and are often directly linked to the reason why the period is late. For example, the presence of ovarian cysts it makes the situation resemble that of women taking the pill, so there may be some constant losses. Or, and lately it is the most frequent reason, a particularly hectic and stressful life can cause both cycle delay and losses. The reason is very simple, our body is a delicate balance of hormones, if the stress hormone is particularly high it affects the areas of the brain responsible for the production of hormones in the gonads (ie the ovaries and testicles). High levels of stress do not make the normal hormonal alternation of the cycle possible and here is the delay. Furthermore, a particularly stressful life causes alterations in the vaginal bacterial flora, decreasing the amount of lactobacilli present or increasing the temperature and pH that make it impossible to survive, while facilitating pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, our body responds with losses, to restore the delicate balance and to signal to us that something is not going as it should. So it is very important to be able to periodically guarantee rest, not only for our mental health but also for our physical one, and in this case being young or older has no relevance.
White discharge in early pregnancy
White losses in pregnancy, how to interpret them
Let us now consider the case that the delay …