Toxoplasmosis is one of the painful notes of pregnancy. A widespread fear. The pregnant woman knows her well.
The gynecologist immediately requests blood tests to assess whether the expectant mother has already come into contact with it in the past, recently contracted it or passed it before pregnancy. These exams are essential. But what is this disease? There toxoplasmosis it is a zoonosis and affects both animals and humans.
The cat, which is considered the definitive host and most responsible for the transmission of this disease, hosts the oocysts of this protozoan (toxoplasma gondii) in its faeces. The cat’s feces can thus contaminate the soil and vegetables that come into contact with the infected droppings.
Toxoplasmosis is asymptomatic in most cases, but in pregnancy a lot of attention is needed because trophozoites pass through the placenta and interact negatively with the fetus causing even serious problems if not the abortion itself.
The oocysts are very resistant, they remain in the environment and can also contaminate other animals that by browsing the grass can become infected.
How the contagion happens
The contagion occurs:
- eating lightly washed vegetables,
- eating undercooked or raw meats of infected animals
- through direct contact with the feces of sick cats.
For this reason it is necessary:
- wash the vegetables very well before eating them,
- avoid direct contact with cat feces
- and cook the meat very well.
Another useful trick is careful cleaning of hands after gardening, or after handling raw meats before cooking.
These are simple steps that can save your baby’s life. Just a little attention is needed without being overwhelmed by useless fears. Proper hygiene of life is enough to preserve the health of the fetus.
It is therefore necessary to pay particular attention to nutrition, avoiding eating raw foods, washing fruit and vegetables with water and bicarbonate before consuming them, especially if you intend to eat them raw, and avoiding the consumption of raw sausages (go ahead instead in moderation, no more once a week, to cooked sausages, such as cooked ham and mortadella).
During the whole pregnancy during the blood tests that are regularly prescribed, the doctor will evaluate the possible presence of toxoplasmosis.
The best way to deal with this infection is prevention. Toxoplasmosis is dangerous only if contracted during pregnancy and if the infection occurs at other stages of life it is asymptomatic and not risky.
Antibiotics and antimalarials are the most used drugs to treat toxoplasmosis.