We have almost reached the finish line, you are about to meet your baby !!! Here’s what to expect in the third trimester of pregnancy, which runs from the 28th to 40th week of gestation
Third trimester of pregnancy
The third trimester of pregnancy starts from the twenty-eighth to the fortieth week of pregnancy. In this last three months the ‘baby bump’ is due to both the increase in volume of the uterus, the placenta, the amniotic fluid and the strengthening of the fetus which, in the vast majority of cases, is positioned upside down, in the cephalic position, which is ideal to be born. The child feels himself with many strokes and movements and this is a sign of well-being and vitality. Let’s see what happens and what to know.
The uterus has increased in weight and volume and weighs 800-900 grams against the 50-60 grams of before and has gone from 7-8 cm to 35-36 cm. Its volume is about 4-5 liters, it contains the amniotic fluid (from 500 to 1000 cc), the placenta and the baby. Controlling the baby’s movements is important because they are a sign of the fetus’s well-being. In the last 3 months of gestation you can gain weight by 2.5-3.5 Kg (200-300 grams per week).
Here are the main ones symptoms of the third trimester of pregnancy.
- backache and sometimes sciatic pain: due to the different balance on the spine
the first contractions and low pelvic pains similar to those of the period may appear. This weak initial uterine contractile activity is the body’s preparation for labor and delivery.
rest as much as possible and indulge your needs. If the white vaginal discharge do not worry and … don’t worry, you will not be able to confuse them with the breaking of the waters! If you “break the bag” you will notice it because of its consistency, but above all because the drainage of liquid is constant
in growth of the uterus raises the diaphragm (muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen) by varying the breath that becomes more superficial and frequent; this involves a bit of breathlessness which will reduce towards the end because when the baby’s head begins to channel, the “belly will drop” allowing deep breaths that will be useful in the push phase of childbirth
the growth of the uterus also involves a compression on the stomach which therefore has less space to digest, sometimes increasing heartburn andgastric acidity. It is useful to reduce meals in quantity and increase their frequency, as you should have already done in the first three months, but especially in the second quarter.
down theuterus also compresses the bladder, hence the need for urinating often also because urine volume is increased as a consequence of increased kidney function
it could also occur constipation which can be countered, possibly with glycerin suppositories, micro-enemas or mild laxatives.
During the third trimester the fetus needs protein and iron. The mother can therefore eat eggs, preferably lighter white meat. Fish and in particular sea bream and mormora, rich in iron, should also be consumed.
In recent months the weight is more considerable and a sedentary lifestyle can cause pressure problems, and consequently the swelling and discomfort in the legs will increase. The solution is avoid the consumption of salt.
Exams to be done during the last three months
Among the tests that must be carried out during the third trimester, together with the routine ones, there is the monitoring of the fetal heartbeat starting from the 40th week. It is important because it allows you to keep the health of the fetus under control. From week 35 the vagino-rectal swab is also done.
Can efforts be made in the third quarter?
In the last weeks of pregnancy, the weight of the belly and fatigue are felt, so it is best to rest as much as possible and do mild physical activity, such as walking or swimming.
The preparation course for learning breathing techniques and pelvic floor exercises is also perfect. Unnecessary effort, heavy work and activities that can overload the back and lower limbs should be avoided.
The hot it can make you feel even more tired and exhausted. Use the air conditioning, look for cool places, do not go out during the hottest hours. To the sea take long relaxing baths (the water will make you feel lighter) and always apply sunscreen with a high protective factor. Eat fresh and digestible foods and don’t forget to drink at least two and a half liters of water a day.
It is the time of preparation and life as a couple is about to change with the arrival of your baby. You can be pervaded by a feeling of tranquility, but also of impatience and impatience because …