“Italian women do not donate their own eggs as it happens in other countries. They don’t have a donation mentality. It is a cultural problem. So heterologous fertilization here is performed with eggs taken from abroad. But in Italy we have the best technology in terms of reproduction. “He says it Claudio Giorlandino, gynecologist, general director of the Italian College of Fetal Maternal Medicine.
The most recent European data “pose Italy among the nations with the best technology in the field of reproductive medicine – he underlines – The same indicators show how, in terms of success in terms of developmental pregnancies, Italy is currently at the top. This is probably a consequence of the enormous technological and scientific effort made by our doctors and biologists when the legislative limits relating to law 40 were present. This law, in fact – recalls the gynecologist – imposed a big brake on procreation techniques and Italian clinicians have developed avant-garde methodologies and particularly refined experiences to give happiness to one couple who could not have children of course“.
Since the removal of the limits of law 40, couples wishing to have a child no longer turn to other nations but remain in Italy more and more numerous, because the possibility of having a pregnancy is even higher than that which can be counted on abroad. “However, some problems remain – Giorlandino points out – and the biggest one is linked to pregnancy with gamete donation. This is the so-called heterologous pregnancy, and in vitro fertilization, where essentially the woman, no longer possessing an oocyte patrimony, has to contact the gamete bank “.
In Italy it is in fact “difficult to obtain oocytes because the mentality of donation is not present which, on the other hand, is now consolidated in other countries – the specialist reiterates – But in Italy the possibility, currently widely used, of supplying ourselves with oocytes from other European partners has made it possible to obtain pregnancies without more difficulties “. According to the gynecologist,” the great revolution that in Italy is maturing is that relating to fusion, ever closer, between genetics and reproduction. These two aspects of the beginning of human life, despite being two sides of the same coin, were in the past kept distinct but now, with the evolution of genetic methodologies, we tend to carefully explore the heritage related to the DNA of the subjects who they turn to Italian centers. Obviously, the centers of greatest reference have genetics within them. Others, less equipped with technology, are forced to take the various ‘cells’ of the embryo and run around the city, or across the country, where they can find some genetics center that can carry out the necessary tests “.
“It is intuitive that the structures they associate genetics and reproduction they are the best performing. This is why we try today to favor these structures and to implement preconceptional genetic research in order to avoid nasty surprises. This is why couples should ask, when they go to a fertility center, if there is a high-tech genetics laboratory, and if this is able to perform the necessary tests on site to ensure the health of the embryo “, concludes the expert.