Pregnant no more than two or three coffees a days: the main international health authorities recommend it.
From the World Health Organization to the European Food Safety Agency, from the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists to our Ministry of Health.
The problematic ingredient is, of course, the caffeine. Although the effects of this substance on the health of the fetus are still to be fully clarified, in fact, more and more studies suggest that a high consumption of caffeine – above 300 milligrams per day – can lead to a increased risk of miscarriage, but also restrictions on fetal growth. Effects that are probably consequences of an alteration of the vascular activity of the placenta.
Thus, the latest recommendations from the World Health Organization for a positive pregnancy experience suggest holding on below 300 milligrams per day, exactly as the Guidelines for a physiological pregnancy of our Ministry of Health already did and as indicated by the English Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
A little more conservative, however, are the indications of the European Food Safety Agency and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, which declare a quantity of not exceeding 200 milligrams.
Obviously, all of that if we’re talking about physiological pregnancy: in the presence of complications or particular risk factors it is always better to ask your doctor for advice.
Caffeine, however, does not mean just coffee: tea and cocoa also contain it, as well as some sugary and carbonated drinks (whose use is limited for other reasons).
Considering the great variability of the caffeine content in all these drinks and foods, depending on the starting raw material (type of coffee blend, type of tea) and the method of preparation (long coffee, American, espresso …), on a practical level, the experts generally provide general indications on daily consumption. And therefore, the invitation is a do not exceed 2/3 cups of espresso, 2/3 cups of black tea or 3/4 cups of green tea.
Amount of caffeine present in food
In order not to reach the maximum recommended dose of 200 mg per day, here is a caffeine meter:
- American filtered in 240 ml cup: 135 mg
- Espresso in a 30 ml cup: 90 mg
- Caffelatte or cappuccino in a 180 ml cup: 90 mg
- 240ml cup tea: 40 to 60mg depending on the type of tea
- Carbonated caffeine drink, 1 can of 33 ml: 35 mg
- Dark chocolate, 30g: 20mg (but the same amount of milk chocolate only has 6mg)
- 240 ml cup of chocolate: 5 mg
- Decaffeinated in 240 ml cup: 5 mg