Chloasma gravidarum and melasma gravidarum: when chloasma appears, when will it go away and how to eliminate it with the right remedies. Difference between chloasma and melasma
Chloasma gravidarum and melasma gravidarum
The chloasma gravidarum it’s a’hypermelanosis which occurs in 50-70% of pregnant women. It presents with some symmetrical hyperpigmented macules located mainly on the cheeks, upper lip, chin and forehead. Furthermore, the skin which is already more pigmented, such as the nipples, freckles, scars and skin of the genitals, can become even darker during pregnancy, as can the skin of areas where friction occurs, such as armpits or inner thighs. But what are the Causes of chloasma gravidarum and what can be done to prevent it and make it go away?
In this article
Chloasma and melasma: difference
The chloasma gravidarum is also known as melasma, or mask of pregnancy and mainly affects women with darker complexions.
The mechanism for which the chloasma gravidarum it is not yet clear: it is suspected that the origin of the change in the levels of hormones estrogen, progesterone and melanotropic hormone (MSH) which normally increase during the third trimester of pregnancy, and exposure to ultraviolet rays can worsen the situation.
The extent of the discoloration varies from woman to woman. Some factors that can affect the appearance and extent of skin hyperpigmentation, such as:
- Exposure to sunlight
- Trimester of pregnancy
- Family history and previous history of hyperpigmentation or melasma.
Although chloasma can be aesthetically uncomfortable, it is not painful and it poses no risk for pregnancy.
The linea nigra
There dark line on the belly is the linea nigra, sometimes called the pregnancy line. About 80% of pregnant women will notice the formation of a linea nigra that, vertically, crosses the belly from the navel to the groin. It usually appears after the first trimester of pregnancy – around the second trimester of pregnancy, around the twenty-second week of gestation – and is a very common benign condition that disappears a few months after delivery.
When does chloasma gravidarum appear?
Typically, spots related to melasma gravidarum appear a starting from the fourth month of pregnancy and in any case within the sixth month.
Does chloasma gravidarum go away?
THE changes in skin pigmentation usually due to melasma disappear on their own after childbirth, especially in women who have never experienced melasma before pregnancy, so the resolution of chloasma gravidarum is spontaneous but takes time and can take up to several months before returning to normal pigmentation.
It is important to remember that melasma is a chronic skin condition, which means there is no cure – however, good skincare using the right products, help from a dermatologist, and sun protection measures can lighten melasma.
Chloasma gravidarum how to eliminate it?
Chloasma gravidarum goes away spontaneously a few months after giving birth, but there are precautions we can take during pregnancy for prevent it from getting worse and becomes even more evident. For example:
- protect yourself when you do exposes to the sun because UVA and UVB rays contribute to hyperpigmentation. Always apply a broad spectrum high protective factor cream, protect your face with a hat and use creams that contain titanium dioxide and zinc oxide;
- Don’t do the waxing: the use of wax to remove hair can cause inflammation of the skin which contributes to worsening the situation;
- Use products e hypoallergenic detergents and delicate that do not irritate the skin;
- Apply the corrector: covering the spots on the face with makeup can be an excellent temporary remedy, waiting for the melasma to disappear;
- Take folic acid: essential above all to prevent neural tube malformations in the fetus, folic acid – contained in prenatal supplements, but also in spinach, citrus fruits, pasta, rice and beans – could help reduce hyperpigmentation and chloasma.
Chloasma gravidarum, remedies
Chloasma can be difficult to treat: Solutions such as lasers or bed bug peels can have the opposite effect and make the situation worse. More effective, however, the depigmenting agents topicals such as hydroquinone.
Breast chloasma gravidarum
Chloasma gravidarum it rarely affects the breast areaHowever, the breasts change a lot during the nine months: they become more tense and sore in the first few months, then increase in volume and become more tender and soft as the pregnancy progresses. The areola becomes larger and darker in color and the nipple increases in size becoming turgid.