From fetal development to maternal symptoms. Here is what happens to the body of the mother and that of the baby during the 11th week of pregnancy.
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Eleventh week of pregnancy
The baby continues to grow and the mother becomes more radiant. With the scientific advice of the gynecologist Elisabetta Canitano, president of the non-profit association Vita di donna, let’s see what happens to the woman’s body and that of the child during the eleventh week of pregnancy.
Eleventh week of pregnancy: how many months do they correspond to?
You have already entered the third month of pregnancy for a while, which goes from 8 weeks + 6 days to 13 weeks + 1 day.
Symptoms of the 11th week of pregnancy
At this point thesense of smell has become much finer and more sensitive before. The phenomenon is definite hyperosmia gravidarum. The smells are perceived more clearly, even when they are light or distant and it is possible that some aroma, previously very welcome, suddenly becomes unbearable: it often happens with that of coffee. However, the opposite can also happen: certain scents previously considered unpleasant can be more than tolerable (just as it can happen for food preferences). The hypothesis is that hyperosmia is a natural fit to allow the mother to recognize her newborn even by smell.
Normally around this time the future mothers then appear more radiant, because progesterone – the hormone secreted by the corpus luteum and placenta – makes the face shiny, however pain and discomfort do not completely disappear and it is not unusual to suffer from:
- heartburn (to make room for the baby the digestive system muscles are relaxed and this slows down their work)
Headache in pregnancy
Thanks to the action of estrogen, often migraine sufferers also have benefits and suffer less from it in nine months. However, it can happen especially in the first and second trimester to have a headache. How to behave? Can drugs be taken?
First of all let’s see the natural remedies, since in pregnancy it would be better not to overdo it with drugs. Among the tips:
- Get some rest. When you have a headache attack, rest, lie down and especially in the dark, trying to relax. Also try putting ice on your forehead.
- Less stress. Try to lead a life with less pressing rhythms: stress and fatigue are the main enemies of those suffering from headaches.
- Watch out for food triggers. There are some foods that, in predisposed people, can trigger acute episodes: if you get a headache when you eat chocolate, aged cheeses, crustaceans, nuts, bananas, avoid them!
- Yes to a double coffee. In many cases it works: in fact, caffeine has a vasoconstrictive action that calms the pain. Ok even in pregnancy, just don’t abuse it at other times of the day.
Among the drugs, however, the safest in pregnancy is the paracetamol. Again, always consult your doctor first.
What to do in the 11th week of pregnancy
The first ultrasound
Although it is common to anticipate the times, the best time for the first ultrasound remains that around 11-12 weeks, when you can make one anatomical evaluation of the fetus already quite accurate. According to the UK Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, if there are no particular risk situations, the first ultrasound should be postponed to at least 10 weeks of pregnancy.
Fetal DNA test
From the end of the tenth week you can also submit to non-invasive screening test: the Fetal DNA test. This examination is carried out with a simplification blood collection and serves to identify early the risk that the fetus is affected by chromosomal abnormalities such as trisomies 21 (down syndrome) 13 is 18.
Contrary to what was once believed, during pregnancy you shouldn’t “eat for two” at all, but you certainly need to pay particular attention attention to the quality of one’s diet. This is because the growing fetus needs the right balance of nutrients.
According to the Guidelines for healthy and proper nutrition of the Research Center for Food and Nutrition (in line with the indications of the main international health organizations), during pregnancy it is recommended a balanced and varied diet, Mediterranean-style, which must include:
- Abundant amounts of fruit and vegetables
- The greatest possible variety of cereals, including whole grains. Not only bread and pasta, but also rice, corn, barley, spelled, and pseudocereals such as buckwheat, quinoa, amaranth;
- An adequate intake of proteins, especially from legumes and fish. The meat should preferably be white;
- A good intake of dairy products (milk, yogurt, cheese);
- Extra virgin olive oil as the only seasoning fat.
Folic acid should be taken in adequate quantities even before conception (at least 2/3 months before), because in this case the preventive action against some anomalies of fetal development (in particular spina bifida and neural tube defects) is maximum. However, the general indication is to continue with folic acid supplementation throughout the first trimester of pregnancy, at least until the end of the 13 weeks (unless otherwise indicated by the doctor). The recommended dose is typically of 0.4 mg (400 micrograms) per day.
The risk of miscarriage
Since the fetus remains attached to the placenta, the loss of a pregnancy it is a danger that – albeit in minimal percentages – concerns the first thirteen weeks of pregnancy.
Obviously the presence of details health conditions (eg: obesity) or the repeated presence of harmful habits (e.g. smoking and alcohol in pregnancy or continuous excessive exertion) can contribute to increasing the chances of risk, but in most cases the most frequent causes of miscarriage are chromosomal abnormalities or genetic of the fetus.
The fetus in the 11th week of pregnancy
The little head still represents half of its entire length, the neck is outlined more and more and the internal organs they are almost completely formed. Furthermore external genitalia begin to stand out, the fingers always appear …