Anembryonic pregnancy is a very sad situation experienced by so many women around the world and causes immense sadness and disappointment.
Precisely because it causes so much emotional pain, this subject is seen as taboo and ends up being left aside.
However, it is very important to debate how a pregnancy affects personal and social life and female fertility.
If you want to know more about anembryonic pregnancy and how it interferes in a woman’s life, keep reading the next topics in this text.
What is anembryonic pregnancy?
Anembryonic pregnancy is the condition in which an egg that has already been fertilized actually implants itself in the uterus, but does not form an embryo. Instead it gives rise to an empty gestational sac.
This results in miscarriages very early in the pregnancy. It is even one of the biggest causes of miscarriages in the first three months.
When this happens, the woman’s body interprets it as if she were actually pregnant, and even the beta HCG test comes back positive in the first few weeks.
Hormone detection is possible because the placenta develops and starts producing hormone. This even causes nausea, tiredness and pain in the breasts.
However, up to a maximum of three months of pregnancy, the body will be able to identify that there is no embryo forming in the woman’s body, and then it will cause an abortion that will terminate the pregnancy.
Often this miscarriage happens so quickly that the woman doesn’t even realize she is pregnant.
How is this type of pregnancy discovered?
Basically, an embryonic pregnancy is a pregnancy that starts normally, but the embryo does not develop and ends up having a miscarriage.
The egg fertilized by sperm implants normally, forms the embryo sac, but no embryo is formed.
Although there is no developing embryo. The female body reacts as if it were an ordinary pregnancy. Thus, all typical symptoms appear normally.
If the miscarriage doesn’t happen early, anembryonic pregnancy can be easily detected on the first ultrasound.
On examination, the provider will be able to detect the embryo sac, but will not be able to see the fetus inside it.
In order to detect embryonic pregnancy, obstetricians currently request the first ultrasound after the seventh week.
This must be so because even in cases where ovulation occurs late, it is possible to adequately visualize the gestational sac and its contents. In case of a healthy pregnancy, it will be possible to hear the baby’s heart already in this exam.
According to research, this problem causes approximately 20% of cases of miscarriage in human pregnancies.
In case this situation is identified, the woman must be aware that the situation is delicate and that her pregnancy will be interrupted in some way
Based on the history and situation, the doctor may suggest that the woman wait for the abortion to occur naturally, or it is possible to perform an ultra-uterine aspiration. Performing the procedure is usually the safest.
Can this condition cause infertility?
Many people believe that anembryonic pregnancy can lead to female infertility. However, this is just a myth that exists precisely because little is said about this topic.
In general, this condition happens in an isolated way, that is, it is not related to other health problems.
Thus, after the abortion, the woman can still get pregnant. But for this to be safe, she needs to take due care, following all the doctor’s instructions.
In most cases after 3 months it is possible to resume attempts to become pregnant. If by chance the problem happens more than once, it could be me, the man or the woman has fertility disorders and we need to investigate.
Risk factors for embryonic pregnancy
As with any other disease, there are risk factors for the occurrence of anembryonic pregnancy.
Although it cannot be completely avoided, the probability of its occurrence increases in cases of:
- First pregnancy;
- Women over 35 years of age;
- Genetic issues;
- Smoking or frequent and excessive alcohol consumption;
- Men over 40 years of age, as the rate of sperm defects is high;
- Some chronic diseases;
- Use of drugs with abortive and mutagenic effects.
Is it possible to avoid the problem?
Anembryonic pregnancy cannot be completely avoided because it happens by chance and does not have a single cause.
However, there are some factors that contribute to avoiding the problem. Intake of folic acid before a woman starts trying to get pregnant is essential, as it prevents malformations.
It is essential to have a detailed follow-up with a trusted doctor who evaluates all possible problems and gives adequate guidance for this period.
In addition, it is important for women to acquire healthy habits, especially related to a balanced diet and sports practice.
It is also ideal to give up smoking, drinking alcohol and using medications that could harm pregnancy.
The same is true for men, as the good formation of sperm is directly associated with the individual’s health.
It is also important to follow up with a good professional who can assess the individual’s health and fertility.
Ideally, the woman and the man start to do professional follow-up even before they start trying. Thus, it is possible to minimize the risks of an embryonic pregnancy.
The Emotional Pain of Anembryonic Pregnancy
As much as anembryonic pregnancy is common and is responsible for many miscarriages, this is a difficult situation to deal with psychologically.
Especially when pregnancy is desired, it is very difficult to deal with the disappointment and frustration of not being able to bear a child again.
Accepting that the much-desired and often celebrated pregnancy will not give rise to a real baby is something that can leave people disoriented.
Women who go through this often feel that the problem is with their bodies and feel unable to be mothers and create a new life.
Not to mention grief, which is a difficult situation to overcome. With the diagnosis of anembryonic pregnancy, the woman and all the people around her must accept and experience grief.
And often with the diagnosis, it is necessary to go through invasive and unpleasant procedures that prolong and worsen this pain even more.
Although it is practically impossible to live this situation without feeling some degree of sadness and impotence is impossible, with the correct orientation this phase can be overcome more easily.
First of all, the doctor has to be empathetic with his patient and her family members and transmit this.
Knowing that anembryonic pregnancy is something common helps a lot at these times. But it takes more than that to live this moment.
Some women can be very sad and depressed in this situation and in that case it is advised that she undergo therapy with a psychologist.
In more severe cases, drug intervention may be necessary. But in this situation, the doctor needs to make a careful case-by-case analysis.
A new pregnancy?
For most women, an embryonic pregnancy happens only once, as this is an unusual situation and not related to other issues.
After living such a difficult time, the woman and the people who accompany her must go back to their lives, however difficult it may seem at times.
But before starting to try to get pregnant again, a woman should be a little calm and follow the recommendations of her trusted doctor.
After the abortion, the first period may take a while to appear. This should happen around six weeks after the event.
But not all women can get pregnant right away. In some cases the doctor asks the woman to allow her body to recover for a period of 3 to 6 months.
This period is important for the full restoration of the organism to take place, so that the uterus is ready to receive the embryo.
During this time, the woman is also able to recover emotionally and prepare for the full load of emotions that accompany a pregnancy.
It is important that before starting the attempts, the woman performs all tests to check her health status and starts taking the vitamins prescribed by her doctor.
Anembryonic pregnancy is a very sad situation for the woman and for everyone involved with her pregnancy.
This is because she will notice the first signs of pregnancy, but then either miscarry or discover through ultrasound that there is no developing embryo.
This happens to many women all over the world and it is important to be able to deal with this situation in the best way.
Family and friends should be by the woman’s side, helping her to overcome the situation. In case of embryonic pregnancy, professional monitoring is very important…