In this article you will know what autism is, the characteristics and care needed when your child is diagnosed with autism.
THE Autismo ou also known as Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD), is a condition that affects how a child relates to the environment and other people.
Learning how to care for a child with autism and knowing where to get help can make things easier for parents and caregivers and above all for the child.
A child with autism will have trouble communicating.
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What is autism?
autistic children have a disability that affects the brain. For some children, this disability is mild, for others it is severe.
autistic children can have many skills and interests that are not affected by autism. However, many have problems with communication, social interaction, behaviour, repetitive activities or restricted interests dealing with sensory input.
These problems are usually present from birth, but they become more apparent in the first three years of life and continue throughout adult life. People don’t know the cause.
Features of autistic
To identify if your child is autistic, observe:
Difficulty in social interaction; is slow to speak; does not wave or clap; avoids eye contact; does the same thing over and over again, like swinging, lining up objects or waving your arms like routines, and getting upset when things change.
What to do if your child is diagnosed autistic
First, remember that all autistic children are different, just as all adults with heart disease are different. A commonly used slogan is that if you have seen an autistic child, you have seen an autistic child.
If your doctor thinks your child may have autism, he or she can refer you to a pediatrician (a doctor who specializes in children) so that you can get more information and help. The paediatrician will perform a series of tests. If your child is diagnosed with autism, he or she will advise you about early intervention therapies and services that can help your child.
Autism can have a great impact on you, other children and family life. It is important that you work with health and disability professionals to reduce these impacts and that they are willing to work with you. You need an effective treatment and management plan that works for everyone.
How to care for a child with autism
Caring for an autistic child can be a challenge, they often find it difficult to understand simple instructions and social behaviour.
Specific treatments include:
Phonoaudiology: to help your son communicate better.
Occupational Therapy: to help them deal with their daily activities.
Psychology Therapies: to help with social skills, emotions and stress.
The most important thing is that you get the help and support you need to manage life every day.
There are programs available that teach skills to parents of autistic children.
An educational application has greatly assisted in the learning process of children and adolescents with greater learning difficulty, is the ABC Autism Application. The application adopts the premises of the program Treatment and Education for Autism and Children with Communication Deficits (Teacch), created in 1964, at the University of North Carolina (USA), because it is a program used worldwide to help in the process of literacy of children with developmental disabilities.
As autistic children get older, they may need more treatment. Choosing a school may be difficult, but your child has the same rights to education as all other children.