Pregnancy is a very complex period in the life of a woman who, on the one hand, has to face the many psychophysical changes that the birth of a child entails and on the other is preparing to acquire the new parental role.
Such changes are very subjective and can be influenced not only by the surrounding environment but also by effects that hormones have on our body.
The hormones in pregnancy in fact put in place a whole series of processes, called “neurovegetative phenomena” which, in addition to preparing the woman’s body for childbirth, also modify our behavior.
There is no need to be alarmed if during pregnancy and in the puerperium we are subject to nausea, abundant salivation or abdominal pain as these phenomena they often reflect the fears and insecurities that a woman experiences during gestation. The emotions and uncertainties typical of future mothers trigger the production of these hormones and consequently express themselves on a physical level. The important thing is to face these changes with peace of mind, communicating to your partner and your family what your fears or fears may be in order to share your experience in a peaceful and united atmosphere.
Sexuality in pregnancy by trimester
It is important to underline that another aspect that is sometimes neglected during pregnancy is the relationship with one’s partner and, consequently, the intimate / sexual sphere. In fact, it often happens that as soon as the couple discovers they are expecting a baby the bond between them is transformed, changing the roles from husband and wife to those of only mom and dad. One of the reasons for this change is that, even today, there are many unfounded prejudices and fears about how sexuality can be experienced in pregnancy which inevitably lead to a negative approach towards it.
The studies currently available clearly indicate that sexual activity in pregnancy, if there are no particular problems, it can be considered safe and does not harm the fetus.
On the contrary, a satisfactory sex life determines the production of particular hormones that bring considerable benefit to the woman and consequently to the baby. It is important to keep in mind that, as we have said previously, hormonal fluctuation can cause a series of psychophysical changes that can sometimes represent an obstacle to intimate relationships.
The increase in estrogen and progesterone levels in fact determine on the one hand, the appearance of small disorders such as nausea and fatigue, on the other they cause a noticeable drop in libido resulting in the woman’s reluctance to let go. Furthermore, from a purely psychological point of view, the onset of pregnancy is considered to be the most delicate and risky one, and the future mother will avoid any activity that could damage the fetus and its development.
However it is good to know that, especially in the first quarter, the high concentration of progesterone makes the genital area more lubricated and, therefore, more sensitive. In particular, by increasing blood circulation in all tissues, this hormone causes an increase in receptivity to stimulation of the “G-spot” making sexual intercourse more pleasant.
After the first trimester, hormonal changes are less marked and sexual desire increases. In second trimester of pregnancy resistances to having intercourse are of mainly psychological nature. One of fears more widespread in fact is that sexual activity can harm the child or even disturb him. However, as we all know, the baby is well protected and wrapped inside the amniotic sac and, contrary to what one might think, several studies have shown that he enjoys the sensation of Welfare what mom feels, due to release of endorphins during sexual intercourse.
In the last trimester of pregnancy the bulging of the belly, the feeling of fatigue and a whole series of physical symptoms can curb sexual desire. In this context the woman will approach the partner for ask for more attention and certainties. It is therefore important that the latter continue to express their desire, demonstrating that they find their mate desirable and attractive. This exchange will strengthen the couple, instilling a sense of security and tranquility, especially in view of the birth of the baby, when moments of intimacy will be rarer and more difficult. It is good to keep in mind that if despite the gynecologist’s reassurances the woman does not feel comfortable having complete intercourse, she should not feel obliged; the important thing is to keep other forms of contact with your partner to remember that you are always a couple even with a newcomer in sight!