On June 21st, the National Asthma Control Day. Among the diseases with the highest incidence during the coldest season of the year are allergic and inflammatory crises, such as asthma. Their incidence is high. There are 235 million people worldwide with the disease.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in Brazil it is known that the disease affects about 10% of the population and causes more than 400,000 hospitalizations.
Predisposition to genetic factors, exposure to mites, mold, cigarette smoke and dust, for example, open doors for the disease to settle. And can cause coughing, wheezing, chest pressure, and shortness of breath.
The sudden fluctuations in temperature, with the driest and most polluted days, tend to aggravate the symptoms, and cause an increase in mucus production and bronchial inflammation.
“Asthma is a chronic disease and therefore needs continuous monitoring. Although it has no cure, asthma sufferers can lead an absolutely normal life, and even practice physical exercises with medical monitoring, in addition to keeping the symptoms under control with the use of medications such as bronchodilators, anti-inflammatories and corticoids. A study conducted by the Medical School of USP showed that asthma symptoms decrease by up to 70% when the patient practices aerobic exercises,” explains the pulmonologist of HCor, Dr. Pedro Genta.
Sometimes there is no way to predict that asthma will manifest. Therefore, the cold months during autumn and winter are an opportune time to consult a pulmonologist for a reassessment.
In addition to conventional treatment with medication and vaccines against flu and pneumonia, Dr. Genta comments that the education of the patient and his family are fundamental: “It is important to avoid exposure to allergenic factors that trigger the symptoms, such as animal hair, dust and humidity, in addition to being aware of symptoms of shortness of breath and wheezing in the chest,” he concludes.
Also read What to do when the little ones have the flu or a cold