Have you just had a newborn or are you at the end of your pregnancy but a little unsure how to handle your baby’s delicate body? Rest assured, this is normal!
And there is no shortage of people around to answer that question. But the ideal is to look for a pediatrician as soon as possible.
We’ll help you with these care tips that you can’t miss to properly care for your baby, with great delicacy in your little body. Check out!
1) Take all primary tests
Still in the maternity ward, in addition to the famous little foot test, the baby also undergoes the little eye, little heart and tongue tests to check for congenital diseases, syndromes or any other threat to health.
They are also vaccinated while still in hospital against hepatitis B and take BCG, which protects against tuberculosis.
2) Encourage breastfeeding
The first visit to the breast should preferably take place in the delivery room. Even if the baby does not suck at this time, the important thing is to encourage skin-to-skin contact, as it makes breastfeeding easier.
Then the child leaves the room to get the vaccines and do the initial tests. Although some maternity hospitals offer formula during this period, the baby usually has a store of nutrients that will last a few hours until the next feed.
3) Keep circulation restricted at home
Doctors discourage visits in the first month of life, but if you want to see someone, make sure the person is healthy and that the visits are short, around 15 minutes.
Remembering that everyone has to wash their hands immediately before touching the baby. The same rule applies to parents!
4) Appreciate a quiet and peaceful home
The child has just left an environment of pure peace, the mother’s womb. Therefore, the house should be equally quiet and silent in the first days of life. Especially during breastfeeding and at bedtime.
5) Care in the bath
Still in the maternity ward, the nurse will do a demonstrative bath in the room. Then, just play at home, following a few steps.
First, keep everything you’ll need nearby: hypoallergenic glycerin liquid soap, which will be used for body and head, towel, cotton, diaper and clothing.
Bath water should be at 36 degrees, warm but comfortable. Experts recommend that very early in life, the baby’s body be wrapped in a towel so the head is washed first.
Then dry your head and then wash your body gently. See in depth how to bathe the baby below!
6) Changing the baby’s diaper
It is not necessary to change every time the newborn pees, but the period is one of heavy consumption of diapers, because they will poop about eight times a day.
When changing, avoid baby wipes, which contain chemicals that can irritate your baby’s skin. Prefer cotton and warm water.
Boys and girls should always be cleaned from front to back, and in their case the foreskin should not be forced down. Also, cleaning is always gentle.
7) What to do with the umbilical stump
Usually the umbilical cord remnant falls by the 15th day of life. Until then, it is necessary to thoroughly sanitize the base, closer to the skin, with 70% alcohol at each diaper change. It’s normal to get a little blood.
8) The first visits to the pediatrician
It takes place in the first week after hospital discharge, to assess breastfeeding and the baby’s health. In this meeting, the doctor sets the pace for the next visits, which usually take place on the 15th day, the first month, and then monthly.
9) Avoid walks in the newborn’s first month
With the exception of the pediatrician, the baby should not go out into the street at the beginning of life. In addition to the excessive contact with too many people, offering a direct risk to the baby’s health, busy environments with strong noises and smells can stress the baby. But brief visits to the grandparents’ house or another quiet place are allowed.
10) Clean your nose before feeding
And not just when it drains or looks clogged. Before breastfeeding, the nostrils should be sanitized with saline sprays specifically designed for babies, as they have the softest spray.
11) How to clean the ear and eyes
The ear should not be cleaned, just pass the towel or a cotton swab gently on the outer part of the ear after bathing, which then needs to be well dried. The eyes should be cleaned while bathing with cotton and water.
However, some children tear more, and in this case, the little eye can be cleaned at other times.
12) Do not clean the newborn’s mouth
The lips, of course, can be sanitized after a feed, but there is no need to wash the inside of the mouth, even if there is a layer of milk remnants on the baby’s tongue.
13) The position in the lap
As reflux is very common at this stage, the head should always be higher than the rest of the body.
The little one still doesn’t have the strength to support his head, that’s why parents should always hold it in their hands. Some positions also help to relieve cramps.
14) Normal and worrying jaundice
Most children have the problem, which leaves the skin yellow and reaches its peak around the 7th day of life.
After that, the color gradually returns to normal. But if the yellow is too intense, it’s best to check with your pediatrician if everything is ok.
15) Sunbathing in the newborn
They must indeed occur, but only after the first consultation with the pediatrician, agreed?
And they should be brief, no more than 15 minutes a day and only on the baby’s legs because their skin is very delicate.
In addition, it must be outside the period of highest incidence of ultraviolet rays, which occurs between 10 am and 4 pm or 5 pm in warmer weather. Even indirect natural light helps.
16) How to relieve newborn colic
From the third week onwards, intestinal cramps start to show. It’s normal, but the baby will cry with the discomfort. It is possible to alleviate the pain with massages taught by the pediatrician, who also prescribe medication if necessary. Warm compresses, never directly on the baby’s skin, also help.
17) Avoid pacifiers in newborns
Before the first 15 days, pacifiers are prohibited, as it interferes with breastfeeding. But even after that, it can cause early weaning and other problems for the baby, according to a recent publication by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics.
How to bathe the baby’s delicate body?
First, the baby’s bath can be a pleasant moment, but many parents feel insecure to perform this practice, which is normal, especially in the first few days for fear of hurting or not bathing properly.
Some precautions are very important for bathing, including doing it in a place with adequate temperature, using a bathtub according to the baby’s size, using products suitable for babies, not giving a bath right after feeding them, among others .
In addition, it is up to the parents to decide how often to bathe the baby, but it is not necessary for it to be every day, and every other day is enough because excess water and the products used can create problems in the skin such as irritations and allergies.
Before starting to bathe, it is important to choose a place with a heated temperature between 22ºC and 25ºC, gather the products that will be used, leave the towel, diaper and clothes prepared, as well as the water in the bathtub, which should be between 36ºC and 37°C.
Remembering that, as the baby loses a lot of heat at this time, the bath should not take more than 10 minutes.
1. Clean the newborn’s face
First of all, with the baby still dressed, to prevent loss of body heat, clean the face as well as around the ears and the folds of the neck.
This can be done with a cotton ball or cloth soaked in warm water.
Afterwards, to clean the ears, you should never use cotton swabs, as there is a risk of piercing the baby’s ear.
Also, a gauze moistened with saline solution can be used to clean the baby’s nostrils, an action that is very important to not harm breathing.
Finally, the eyes must also be cleaned with a damp cloth and the movements must always be in the nose-ear direction to avoid the accumulation of dirt and blemishes.
2. Wash the newborn’s head
The baby’s head can also be washed while the baby is still dressed, and it is appropriate to hold the baby’s body with the forearm and the baby’s armpit with the hand.
The child’s head must be washed first with clean water and then products such as soap or shampoo for the baby can be used and the hair can be massaged with your fingertips.
At this stage of the bath, great care is needed because the baby’s head has soft regions, which are the fontanelles, which must close up to 18 months of age and, therefore, the head should not be squeezed or put under pressure so as not to hurt.
However, it should be washed well with front-to-back movements, taking care to prevent foam and water from getting into the ears and eyes, and then dry well with a towel.
3. Clean the intimate region
After washing the baby’s face and head, you can undress him and when removing the diaper, clean the intimate area with a wet cloth before placing him in the bathtub so as not to dirty the water.
4. Wash the baby’s body
When placing the baby in water, you should not put the baby’s entire body in the water at once, but put it in parts, starting with the feet and supporting the head on the forearm and with this hand holding the baby’s armpit.
With the baby already in the water, you should go…