Understand everything about water birth, how it is and what its advantages are.
Water birth: what is it?
Normal water birth reduces the pain and time of labor, but for a safe delivery, it is important that the water birth is arranged between the parents and the hospital or clinic where the baby will be born, months before labor. childbirth start.
Some options for achieving a water birth are the use of a plastic pool or bathtub, which should be the responsibility of the hospital.
The place must be properly clean and the water must be at about 36º C at all times, so that at birth, the temperature is comfortable for the baby.
The main advantage of water birth is the reduction of pain during labor and the need to have to resort to cesarean section or even the use of suction cups or forceps, promoting a more natural and less traumatic birth for the mother and for the baby. drink.
How it works?
Normal water birth it is when the mother gives birth immersed in a bathtub or swimming pool. The technique is old and in recent years has become common in Brazil.
In some countries, such as the United States and England, water birth has been common for some years.
Giving birth immersed in a bathtub can be something previously chosen by the woman or, often, it happens because it was there that the mother was able to relax and relieve the pain. The anesthetic effect is precisely the main benefit of water birth.
Celebrities like Gisele Bündchen and Bela Gil opted for this modality.
Water birth has very important advantages. The main one is the reduction of pain.
Warm water, around 37 degrees, provides deep muscle relaxation, which helps to attenuate contractions.
This anesthetic effect of water often shortens labor and lessens the need for medical intervention.
The water also provides a feeling of lightness, which increases the mobility of the woman, who will be able to choose the best position to give birth.
In addition, the technique reduces the feeling of tiredness and, as it is a normal birth, it has a faster recovery.
A great advantage of water birth is the active participation of the woman at all times, which provides more security and personal satisfaction for the mother.
Discover the main advantages of water birth below!
What are the main benefits of water birth?
The main advantages of aquatic birth for the mother include:
- Pain relief, acceleration and shortening of labor;
- Feeling of lightness in the water that allows greater movement during labor;
- Greater sense of security by being able to control which are the most comfortable positions to adopt during contractions
- Warm water promotes relaxation of muscles including the perineum, ligaments and pelvic joints, facilitating childbirth;
- Decreased feeling of tiredness during labor because the muscles in the body tend to be more relaxed throughout the process.
- Easier to disconnect from the world around them, being able to more easily perceive their most primitive needs;
- Lesser total body swelling;
- Greater personal satisfaction for actively participating in the entire labor, which contributes to the empowerment of women, in addition to a greater sense of well-being, self-esteem and emotional relaxation;
- Lower risk of postpartum depression;
- Facilitation of breastfeeding;
- Decreases the need for analgesia;
- Less need for episiotomy and perineal laceration, and other interventions during labor.
And what are the benefits for the baby?
During the nine months it was being generated, the baby was inside the uterus immersed in amniotic fluid.
Therefore, when born in water, in a temperature and environment similar to that of the uterus, he feels less external effects, such as light and noise, arriving in the world in a more natural and less traumatic way.
In addition, normal delivery improves the baby’s breathing. In other words, the benefits for the baby include better oxygenation of the fetus during labor and a less traumatic birth time.
This is because there is less artificial light and noise and it is usually the mother herself who brings him to the surface to breathe and it will certainly be the first face he will see, increasing the bond between him and his mother.
Who can have a water birth
Any woman who has had a healthy, low-risk pregnancy, has no complications during pregnancy and who has an equally healthy baby, can opt for natural childbirth, in water.
The woman can enter the water right at the beginning of contractions because if the warm water helps to accelerate the beginning of labor and cervical dilation, indicating in a few moments that the baby is really about to be born.
Water birth is not indicated for women with hypertension, diabetes, preeclampsia, among other risk factors.
Thus, it is possible to have a water birth when the woman does not have pre-eclampsia, hypertension, diabetes, delivery of twins or has had a cesarean before.
Some of the most common questions regarding water birth are answered below.
1. Can a baby drown if born in water?
This is the fear of many parents, but there is no risk of the baby drowning after birth.
In the first few seconds, the newborn is still breathing through the umbilical cord, which is only cut after the baby is delivered to the mother and spends a few minutes on her lap.
This moment is also very important for the establishment of bonds between the child and their parents, and must be respected.
Additionally, he has a choking reflex that doesn’t allow him to inhale until he’s out of the water.
So you can rest assured that the baby is not at risk of drowning!
2. Is the risk of vaginal infection greater in water birth?
No, because water does not enter the vagina and, in addition, the contamination that could occur during vaginal examinations performed by nurses and midwives is reduced because this type of intervention is much smaller in water.
3. Is it accurate to be naked in the water?
Not necessarily, because the woman can choose to cover her breasts, leaving only the part of the waist down bare.
However, after birth, the baby will want to breastfeed and having the breast free, can help with this task. If your partner wants to get in the water, he doesn’t need to be naked.
We hope this article has cleared all your doubts on the subject!
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