THE high blood pressure during pregnancy it affects many women and brings with it many concerns, but the change in pressure during this period is normal. It usually falls slightly in the first three months, accentuating in the second quarter and returning to normal in the last three months.
As the time of delivery approaches, blood pressure may rise slightly. Now if the pressure remains high, especially after 20 weeks of gestation, then it will be necessary to consult the obstetrician. Let’s talk a little bit more about how to know if your blood pressure is high during pregnancy.
What are the reference values for high blood pressure during pregnancy?
The value for high blood pressure in pregnancy is the same as anyone else’s, 14 through 9. What differentiates, in the case of pregnant women, is the increase in systolic (maximum) and diastolic (minimum) pressure. To better understand these values, you can check the post “Do you know when blood pressure is considered high?”.
What happens is that during pregnancy, any increase above 300 mmHg in systolic pressure and above 150 mmHg in the diastolic, it is considered that the pregnant woman has high blood pressure. In that case, she should be closely monitored by her obstetrician to take all possible precautions and make the appropriate treatment.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure during pregnancy?
If you feel swelling on your feet and legs or even on your arms, hands and face, you should be alert. Presence of foam in the urine, scrambled view, abdominal pain, at head and in stomach and even convulsion they are also signs that your blood pressure may be high. Be sure to contact your doctor.
THE high blood pressure during pregnancy it can cause accelerated maturation of the placenta and decreased fetal nutrition. This can cause the baby’s growth to slow down and the placenta to shift in the final stages of pregnancy, even causing the child to die.
What are the risk factors for developing high blood pressure during pregnancy?
Women who are waiting for First son you are more likely to develop high blood pressure during pregnancy. Those aged under 18 and over 35 they must also be observed closely. They are ages that are found in the two reproductive extremes of life.
When the pregnant woman had overweight before becoming pregnant and those gain a lot of weight during pregnancy they are also in the risk group. Just like those who have case of pre-eclampsia in the family. This increases the probability of the problem recurring in relatives up to the second degree by three times.
I have high blood pressure. And now? Do you have treatment?
As we mentioned earlier, hypertension during pregnancy does have treatment. It is made with rest, medication, light, balanced diet with little salt. No eating processed foods, sausages and more than a cup of coffee a day. Go hiking, yoga or water aerobics they are also great to help with this treatment, precisely because they are ideal exercises for pregnant women.
The pregnant woman should do a follow-up with the obstetrician and take the medication indicated by the doctor during the nine months, being able to undergo dosage adjustments in that period. In more severe cases, the doctor can still anticipate delivery to prevent it from developing into eclampsia, all in an attempt to preserve the life of the woman and the child.
How to monitor blood pressure?
Taking into account everything we talked about in this post, one of the biggest recommendations in these cases is to have a pressure device at home. You will only be able to tell if your blood pressure is good, bad or fluctuating if you have a way of measuring your blood pressure. Ordinary pressure device in hands, the pregnant woman can take the necessary measures at the right time.
Also read: Travel guide for pregnant women