An oversight near the stove is the perfect occasion to cause burns. A running game can end in falls and fractures. Small objects can be ingested in the blink of an eye. Anyone who has a child at home knows that attention must be doubled every second! According to the Ministry of Health, among small children, domestic accidents account for about 5,000 deaths per year and 110,000 cases of hospitalization. Moreover, in times of longer stay at home, the cases grow about 25%, according to information from the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics.
Domestic accidents: main cause of child death
“The main victims are always the most vulnerable. Domestic accidents, too, are the main causes of death for children between the ages of 1 and 9”, points out the plastic surgeon Luiz Victor Carneiro Jrwhich had a considerable increase in demand for suturing of small and medium cuts during quarantine. The greatest warning continues to be about falls.
Still according to the Ministry of Health, they represent the largest volume of medical care performed in health units throughout the country, totaling more than 38% of cases.
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“In general, accidents vary according to age and type of environment (kitchen, balcony, living room…),” says the orthopedist Ricon Jr. Young children, from 2 to 7 years old, have a lower motricity, which compromises the reflex when falling. “The most recurrent traumatic injuries due to falls affect the upper limbs, with injury/fracture in the wrists, forearm and elbow. Clavicle fractures are also common when the body is thrown forward,” he stresses. According to the specialist, falls from greater heights (from 2 to 3 meters) affect the lower part of the body more, with the risk of breaking the femur and/or leg.
At least 90% of domestic accidents can be avoided. Care begins in the choice of furniture in the home, where beds must be of adequate height and cribs need protective screens. The use of railings at the entrance to the kitchen and bathroom doors can considerably reduce the number of accidents, since most occur in these rooms. And remember, never leave the little ones unsupervised.
Care to avoid domestic accidents
With outdoor area and windows
It is important to be aware of minimum safety conditions and to maintain vigilance while the child is having fun. Windows should be locked with protective screens or grids that do not open more than 15 centimeters. Another tip is the installation of gates at the top and bottom of the stairs;
In the kitchen
Use the back of the stove and make sure that the handles of the pots are facing inwards so that they cannot be reached by children. Keep plastic bags, matches, lighters, alcohol, glass objects, ceramics and knives out of the reach of children.
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Make sure there are no bare wires and keep them isolated by means of gutters. Sockets should also be properly covered with appropriate covers or hidden by furniture, and avoid excessive use of “benjamins” or extensions, which can cause overload and short circuit in the wiring. Appliances such as fans, electric iron, hair dryers also need to be kept away from contact;
Products with very small parts and the electric ones, with plugs, batteries and batteries, can be easily swallowed. For toys on wheels, such as skates, scooters and skateboards, the use of safety equipment appropriate to the size of the child, such as helmet and knee pads, is essential.
This article was written by
. Plastic surgeon Luiz Victor Carneiro Jr: Elected member of the American Society of Plastic Surgery, he worked for 14 years at the Ivo Pitanguy Clinic and is co-editor of the book Plastic Surgery for Specialist Training. He is also an elected member of the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, a titular member of the Brazilian College of Surgeons, of the Brazilian Society of Burn, of the Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery, and is affiliated to the International College of Surgeons.
. Orthopedist Ricon Jr: Specialist in hip surgery, Dr. Ricon Jr is a full member of the Brazilian Society of Hip Pathology (SBPQ), the Brazilian Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology (SBOT) and an international member of the American Academy of Orthopaedics Surgeons (AAOS). In Rio de Janeiro, he is Director of the Hip Clinic, coordinator of pelvic and hip trauma at Hospital Pasteur and doctor of the Orthopedic Center of Ipanema. He actively participates in the most diverse congresses in the Orthopedic area.