O early pregnancy it is full of discoveries and concerns for the child’s future parents.
During the first trimester of pregnancy, which covers the period from the 1st to the 12th week of pregnancy, the body adapts to the great changes that are beginning.
These bodily and hormonal changes and variations will last for approximately 40 weeks, until the baby is born.
At this stage, there are important cares that the mother must take so that the baby can grow and develop in a healthy way.
In the article below, we will list and explain some care which should be taken, in addition to the exams to be performed in order to ensure a safer and healthier pregnancy for the mother and baby. Come on?
Early pregnancy: What is normal to feel at this time?
Early pregnancy is full of changes. The fetus is developing rapidly, forming the main organs of the human body such as the heart, lungs, liver, intestines, kidneys and marrow.
The pregnant woman also undergoes many adaptations to maintain and properly nourish this new life. You common signs in the first three months of pregnancy are:
Increased urinary frequency;
Tiredness and drowsiness;
Back or body pain;
Nausea or vomiting, especially in the morning;
Changes in mood;
What should pregnant women avoid in early pregnancy?
In addition to professional guidance through prenatal care, some simple care can avoid risks for the mother or baby. See the care below:
Do not use any medication without medical advice;
Do not consume alcoholic beverages or cigarettes;
Avoid excessive consumption of teas and caffeine;
Physical activities must be guided by a professional;
Avoid eating raw foods like meat, fish and eggs.
In short, if there is a stage in women’s lives that generates countless doubts and requires special care, it is pregnancy.
During the 9 months, attention needs to be doubled. But it is early in pregnancy, in the first 3 months, that the necessary care for a smooth pregnancy should appear.
After all, the body undergoes changes and everything can reflect during pregnancy, both on the health of the future mother and on the baby’s development.
Next, find out what the most important first precautions during pregnancy are!
1. Have a medical follow-up from the beginning of the pregnancy
Pregnancy is a phase that requires constant medical attention, so the follow-up prenatal done by an obstetrician is very important to treat potential problems in time, especially in the first trimester.
It’s that follow-up which will minimize the risk of some health problems that may occur with pregnant women, such as:
- Thrombophilia: formation of blood clots. Treatment is with the use of anticoagulants to prevent bleeding, especially during childbirth.
- Miscarriage: more likely to happen within the first 20 weeks. To avoid it, do not consume alcoholic beverages or any medication without medical supervision.
- Gestational diabetes: due to increased blood glucose level. Balanced diet and regular exercise help to combat the risk of this complication.
- Anemia: Pregnant women are at greater risk of becoming anemic as they need more folic acid and iron than usual. To avoid it, consume foods that contain these vitamins.
- Urinary Infection: Due to the high risk of preterm birth due to urinary infections, it is essential to keep up-to-date urine tests during prenatal care.
- Thyroid disorders: cause miscarriage and increase the risk of hypertension. Therefore, it is important to monitor the hormonal rate regularly.
- Candidiasis: in pregnancy, the risk of the disease is increased due to the reduction of defense cells in the pregnant woman’s vagina. This complication can be treated by decreasing carbohydrates and increasing the intake of foods that improve immunity.
- Hemorrhoids: Constipation can lead to hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Try not to spend a lot of time sitting or standing and eat high fiber foods to avoid fiber.
2. Have a balanced diet
Consuming the right foods early in pregnancy will ensure the necessary nutrients for both mother and baby.
There are many vitamins that are beneficial to a woman’s body at this time, but on top of them is folic acid.
When ingested in the ideal dosage guided by the obstetrician, it reduces the risk of deficiencies in the baby’s neural tube, that is, malformations in the brain and spine.
In general, invest primarily in folic acid, zinc, calcium, vitamin B12 and omega-2, which can be found in foods, like:
- Green cabbage;
- dairy products;
The vitamins contained in these foods will also stimulate greater milk production.
Every pregnant woman has specific nutritional needs. Therefore, always ask your doctor or make a nutritional assessment about which food is right for you.
Also, be aware of your weight. There is a forecast of weight gain, but it must take place in an adequate way so that the wear is as little as possible during the 9 months.
3. Take care of your skin
It is quite common for dark spots to appear on the skin during pregnancy. This happens due to the stimulation of hormones typical of this phase that release the production of melanin and generate melasma or darkening of the intimate parts, such as the vulva and nipples.
Fortunately, the alternative to solve it is simple and can be considered as one of the first precautions during pregnancy: drink 2-3 liters of water a day and always have a sunscreen with a high protection factor close by.
Also, you can use moisturizing creams with vitamin C and sweet almond oil or sunflower oil.
Moisturizers will also prevent stretch marks, another very common problem in pregnancy, especially in the belly.
So make hydration a habit in your life to help maintain the elasticity of this area. This attitude will also reflect on your postpartum result!
Important: avoid walking in direct sunlight between 10am and 4pm, when the sun’s rays are usually strongest.
4. Exercise regularly
This is a recommendation independent of any stage, but it is during pregnancy that it becomes even more essential.
Consult your doctor and, if he releases, do not hesitate to practice physical activities that move your body.
The exercises will help to combat possible discomforts that arise during pregnancy, such as back and pelvic pain.
Plus, you’ll feel much more prepared for the time of delivery if you keep your body moving.
Good exercises are yoga, Pilates, walking, meditation, stretching, light weight training, water aerobics, ball exercises and physical therapy. Choose your favorite and be sure to do it!
Early pregnancy: Check out the main health care
5. Monitor your blood pressure
Due to the risks that the increase in blood pressure brings, one of the precautions during pregnancy is its continuous monitoring.
So be aware of the characteristic symptoms of pre-eclampsia such as headache, neck pain, nausea, swelling and blurred vision. This condition can result in premature birth and maternal complications.
If you are predisposed to this condition, avoid very salty and industrialized foods, drink plenty of water and rest whenever possible.
6. Keep your vaccination card up to date
Pregnancy care also includes keeping vaccines up to date.
It is important to think that these vaccines will protect not only you, but also the baby being born, as the effects of the vaccine are transmitted through the placenta and, soon after the baby is born, through breastfeeding.
7. Observe possible vaginal discharges
Throughout life, a woman has vaginal discharge for various reasons, very common. One of them is the physiological vaginal discharge (leukorrhea) which is part of the natural lubrication process in the pelvic region.
However, in pregnancy, any different discharge can be worrying. If you notice changes in color and smell, vaginal discharge can pose a risk to both mother and baby.
Normally, normal discharge is colorless and odorless. In that case, see your doctor as soon as possible to see what might be happening.
8. Pay attention to your body’s signals
Some symptoms such as tiredness, increased appetite and sleep may indeed be normal at this stage, after all, in the first trimester of pregnancy, the body is adapting.
So, make the most of this very special moment in a woman’s life and never feel guilty if you want to sleep or eat more! This is a unique moment in your life.
However, always be alert to any type of change that exceeds the normal limit. Your body may be warning you that something is wrong and that it needs adjustment.
9. Have prenatal care early in the pregnancy
Prenatal care is the first care for a pregnancy. This step is the monitoring of an obstetrician, who will monitor and guide the mother and family about the pregnancy.
During consultations, all matters relating to hormonal and psychological changes, nutrition, among others, will be addressed.
Therefore, prenatal care assesses the mother’s entire health, which will directly impact the child’s life. Therefore, this step is very important to…