The movement known as Outubro Rosa was born in the 1990s to encourage population participation and prevent breast cancer in Brazil. The goal is to share information, promote awareness about the disease, provide greater access to diagnostic and treatment services and contribute to reducing mortality.
Therefore, the Blog Grain of People selected important measures to prevent breast cancer, such as self-examination and breastfeeding, for example. To live a healthier and safer life some habits are needed and of course, a lot of information, check it out!
Do self-examination to prevent breast cancer
Self-examination is essential for women’s health, through which many cases were quickly identified and successfully treated. It is important to remember that self-examination does not exclude the need for clinical examinations every two years from the age of 30 or 35.
Another point that should be highlighted is the fact that finding a lump does not mean that it is a cancer, so only a doctor can make the diagnosis, through clinical tests such as ultrasound and blood tests, for example. Know the types of self-examination and how to perform them.
In front of the mirror:
- Position yourself in front of the mirror;
- Observe the two breasts, first with the arms drooping;
- Place your hands on your hips with force;
- Place them behind your head and observe the size, position and shape of the nipple;
- Press the nipple lightly and check for secretion.
Standing (can be during the bath)
- Lift your left arm and rest it on your head;
- With your right hand straight, examine your left breast;
- Divide the breast into strips and slowly analyze each of these strips. Use the pulp of the fingers and not the tips or nails;
- Feel the breast;
- Make circular movements, from top to bottom;
- Repeat the movements on the other breast.
- Place a folded towel under your right shoulder to examine your right breast;
- Feel the breast with circular movements, applying light pressure;
- Palpate the outer half of the breast (it is more consistent);
- Then touch your armpits;
- Reverse the procedure for the left breast.
Breastfeed as much as possible
Breastfeeding has numerous benefits for the health of the mother and baby, among them is the prevention of breast cancer. According to research revealed by the American Cancer Research Institute, during breastfeeding, mothers do not experience hormonal changes or menstruate.
That way, they are not exposed to hormones that can cause breast cancer, such as estrogen. Another factor that benefits mothers is the reduction of damaged cells that are replaced with new ones, this is due to the routing of skin tissues after lactation.
Prioritize healthy foods
According to a study by the British Medical Journal (BMJ), including two servings of tuna, salmon or sardines per week reduces a woman’s risk of developing the disease. This is because these fish are rich in unsaturated fat, which are very good for health. In addition, sardines contain high levels of vitamin D, a proto-hormone that interferes with the growth of cancer.
Other foods also cannot be left out of your diet, since among several benefits, they also contribute to cancer prevention. Fruits, fibers and vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage and kale are foods rich in several vitamins and great allies to maintain weight.
Soy also stands out in cancer prevention, as it prevents the proliferation of breast cells, due to plant estrogens in its composition, in addition, studies show that the incidence of breast cancer in Asian countries is lower due to the fact that in soy consumption is daily.
Moderate sunbathing also brings benefits
When women sunbathe in adequate amounts and protected by sunscreen, they gain a great ally to prevent breast cancer. This is because exposure to the sun increases the production of vitamin D, which helps to prevent disease.
Age and genetic factors should be cause for attention
Women over 40 or with a history of cancer in the family must redouble their attention, control must be reinforced so that clinical examinations and self-examination must have their periodicity informed by the doctor.
Avoid drinking alcohol
Not consuming alcoholic beverages is an excellent initiative to prevent breast cancer. Studies show that women who consumed five to 14 grams of alcohol daily showed a 30% increase in the risk of developing breast cancer.
Practice physical activities
Estrogen is produced in greater quantities by sedentary women. The excess of this hormone is one of the responsible for the appearance of breast cancer, so performing physical activities is always a great alternative.
Avoid the use of cigarettes
Research shows that smoking is one of the factors that predisposes the development of cancer. According to the Women’s Health Initiative study, women who have been smokers for a period of 10 to 29 years, increase the chances of developing the disease by 10%. Women who smoked from 29 to 49 years old, increase the risk by 25%, while women who smoked for more than 50 years can reach up to 62% risk.
Hormone replacement must be controlled
Hormone replacement should always obey medical criteria based on tests that prove that this type of treatment is necessary. Menopausal women with a family history of cancer are not usually released for this type of treatment.
Medical follow-up is essential
One of the most important attitudes to prevent breast cancer, medical monitoring makes all the difference and becomes essential for a healthy life in all aspects. Therefore, be sure to visit a general practitioner on a regular basis, only he will be able to take essential measures to guarantee your health and quality of life.
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