During the first three months of life , the baby’s affective development is in full swing, although his displays of affection are not evident. It needs protection and care, and the only thing parents can expect from their baby is the expression of their own pleasure: calmness, consequently, a relaxed sleep and an appetite for breastfeeding.
Affective bond between mother and baby
Experts agree that the baby’s emotional exchanges with its mother are fundamental to its good development. The baby is administered from the moment of birth by the principle of pleasure. Pleasure is essential in all aspects of his life, since he experienced the first sensations in his mother’s womb smells, heartbeat, movements, voices, etc., pleasant sensations are the axis of his existence and when disturbed shows his discontent through crying .
During the first three months of life, when he receives his breast or bottle, he studies his mother’s face in detail, follows her movements and analyses her expressions. The warmth, smell and touch, as well as the tone of his mother’s voice, provide the baby with pleasure and well-being. The mother’s breast is the most complete emotional stimulus for a baby during the first three months of life.
The maternal breast is the most complete affective stimulus for a baby in the first three months of life.
The mother can establish and strengthen affective bonds with the baby while breastfeeding:
- Touching and caressing the cheek;
- Correcting your eyes on your reactions;
- Focusing all attention on him (a);
- Avoiding other parallel activities.
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Expressions of baby’s affection
From the fourth month of life, the smile will be the reaction that babies will have to the image of their mother’s face or someone else’s, also to sounds, to touch, and they will begin to respond to changes in their surroundings.
There are babies who can join a toy, a doll or a scarf, blanket, etc. affectionately. In general, the affective development, until the six months of age, is governed by the oral concept, especially the food exchanges. After six months, affectivity is intensified with games, the stimulus that the baby receives to talk, to crawl and, in general, to stimulate his autonomy and his relationship with the environment.
At some point during this stage, the baby will stretch out his small arms so that the mother or father can pick him up. Babies begin to relate more to the person who cares most for them, and may manifest fear of strangers and act more cautiously in the face of new situations. Little by little, as their birthdays approach, in the first year of life, babies are able to communicate more clearly, expressing their moods and feelings with gestures and words.
Hugs, Mayara Figueredo!