Pregnancy generates a series of intense changes in a woman’s body in a short period of time, and it is no wonder that many pregnant women complain of back pain during pregnancy.
With the constant and rapid growth of the uterus, the abdominal region suffers a series of arrangements to allocate the baby to the internal organs and bone structure, especially in the pelvic region. The muscles in this area end up weakening and overloading the nerves in the spine, causing pain.
In addition, the pregnant woman’s body goes through many hormonal changes: the corpus luteum (endocrine gland of the ovary) and the placenta begin to produce large quantities of a hormone called relaxin, which has the function of stretching the uterus and softening the pelvic joints, preparing the female body for the moment of delivery.
We can also add all these factors to weight gain, a condition that already represents an overload for the spine even in women who are not pregnant and also in men.
Although back pain during pregnancy rarely impairs the baby’s development, pregnant women need to report symptoms during antenatal examinations. If the pain is severe, the doctor will indicate the most suitable treatment and medication for the pregnant woman (who should never take medication on her own).
Here are a few simple tips that can help ease back pain and make the most of this important time in life.
Light physical exercises
If there is no medical contraindication, the pregnant woman can perform low impact exercises such as pilates, yoga, hydrogymnastics and hiking. In case of pregnancy with a recommendation of rest, it is possible to activate professional services of physiotherapists, including the option of home physiotherapy, to help strengthen the muscles and correct posture.
Compressed with hot water
It is possible to use the hot water from the bath by directing the jet to the sore region or apply compresses with hot water bags. The heat helps to relax the inflamed muscles. Another option is to apply warm water compresses with natural oils of eucalyptus or basil up to 3 times a day for 15 minutes – talk to your doctor before.
The accessory helps in the weight distribution of the belly and posture correction. Before choosing the use, talk to your doctor to check that there are no restrictions and which is the most suitable model.
Wear suitable footwear
Invest in comfortable, anatomical shoes with a cushioning, non-slip sole to avoid overloading the knees and heels during the change of the balance center caused by the growth of the belly. Avoid creepy sandals and heels.
Watching the posture
The pregnant woman who spends a lot of time sitting must adjust her seat to the ideal height to keep her knees at the right angle and ensure adequate support for her back, which must remain upright. Avoid spending too much time standing and carrying weight.
Sleep with a pillow between your legs
This simple trick helps to stabilize the spine and avoid overloads. The most suitable position is to lie on your side and place the pillow between your legs. There are already several options of stabilizing pillows on the market made especially for pregnant women.
Avoid excessive weight gain
It is normal to gain a few kilos during pregnancy, but be careful with your diet and avoid excessive weight gain which, in addition to damaging the spine, can bring risks to the birth.
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