Down Syndrome is a genetic condition that causes delays in physical and intellectual development. It occurs in one in every 792 born alive in Brazil. More and more we see children with Down Syndrome attending regular school, practicing sports and doing any activity that children of the same age, without Syndrome, do. This is because children who have an extra chromosome of love usually show good social skills, which can be used to increase learning and teaching opportunities.
Psycho-pedagogue Michelli Freitas listed 3 strategies for parents to help their children in school life. The specialist, who is also a behavior analyst, is the mother of an autistic boy and created the Institute of Education Behavior Analysis, the IEAC (@ieac_aba) to disseminate knowledge based on scientific evidence for teaching skills to children with developmental delay. Below are the 3 tips:
The expert indicates to use creativity at this time, not limited to the use of books with many words and few prints or visual resources. “Children with Down Syndrome need visual demonstrations, images and illustrations. Therefore, they can all be used successfully to assist in effective teaching.
In addition, the demonstrations and tactile activities are also very attractive for students with Down Syndrome. “The dynamics make teaching more attractive to children, and consequently the learning process easier,” explains Michelli.
The psycho-pedagogue emphasizes that language is essential for satisfactory learning. “It is necessary to use clear language and short sentences. Also, avoid expressing yourself ambiguously, which can cause a little confusion and frustration”. The specialist adds that once communication has started, the child with Down Syndrome needs time to process the information and then formulate a response.
Michelli concludes by saying that “the ability to communicate clearly can significantly reduce other problems that are common associated with the condition” of these children, including depression, anxiety and a sense of isolation and social exclusion.
Applied Behavior Analysis is a science that studies socially relevant human behavior. This science tries to observe, analyze and also explain the association that exists between human behavior, the environment and learning. Applied Behavior Analysis has become widely known as the therapy of choice for individuals with autism. Although effective for this audience, it is appropriate for any necessary change in behavior, and is successful with many diagnoses. Even those with Down’s syndrome.