Pregnant or not – when does the pregnancy test bring clarity? – Kidsroom.de
For women, the question arises again and again: “Could it be that I’m pregnant?” A few days full of uncertainty combined with feelings of great hope or anxious expectation, maybe you know such a situation from your own experience. Most women want maximum clarity on this important issue as soon as possible. No wonder that pregnancy tests from the pharmacy are usually the first choice to get an immediate answer.
First physical signs of pregnancy
Missing a period is considered to be a problem for most women first sign of a possible pregnancy. However, since a changed day-night rhythm and the time zone shift due to air travel, particularly high levels of stress, malnutrition, climate change or illnesses such as a viral infection can also delay menstruation, no reliable conclusion can be drawn from this. Other symptoms such as tenderness and a noticeable enlargement of the breasts, slight stretching pains in the ligaments in the abdomen, frequent urge to urinate or cravings can also indicate pregnancy, but they can always have other causes.
The pregnancy test for self-use brings a quick result
Urine tests from the pharmacy or from the drugstore are mature and offer you if used correctly, a 99% reliable result. The correct application presupposes above all that these Pregnancy tests not too early be used before the body can even be prepared for a possible pregnancy. self-tests replace the
Don’t go to the gynecologist. Only a blood test from the doctor or an ultrasound will finally tell you for sure. But for the majority of women, the tried-and-tested home urine tests are the very first step to finding out with a high degree of probability as quickly as possible whether they are actually pregnant.
How do pregnancy tests work?
- pregnancy tests are based on a measurement of the hormone levels of HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin).
- There is Urine tests for self-administration and Blood tests at the doctor. HCG can be detected in the blood a few days earlier than in the urine.
- Pregnancy tests can false negative or false positive stand out. The main reason is mainly one too early application, but also taking medication can be the cause of an incorrect result.
How is the urine test done?
Urine or swab tests are the most commonly used tests. They are based on that Detection of the pregnancy hormone HCG. The female body produces this hormone as soon as the fertilized egg has implanted itself in the placenta. The important substance ensures that the pregnancy is maintained. In the first third of pregnancy, i.e. from the 1st to the 3rd month, HCG is present in your body in the highest concentration, after which the level drops again. For this test, you have to hold the swab or test strip in the urine stream for a few seconds. Morning urine gives the most reliable results. After a few minutes you will see the result.
From what day in the cycle is the test result reliable?
Nice 9 to 14 days after fertilization Has your body made enough HCG for urine tests to detect? Before this 9-day period, your urine test may not show HCG, even though you are already pregnant. The period of 9-14 days after conception coincides with the period after which menstruation should normally begin in most women. Therefore apply Pregnancy tests for self-administration at the earliest 1-2 days after the absence of the menstrual period as meaningful and reliable.
Does the special early test bring reliable results as early as 4 days before the period?
The early test also checks the presence of the messenger substance HCG in the urine. Due to its particularly high sensitivity, it reacts more sensitively to small amounts of the pregnancy hormone than a normal pregnancy test. You can get clues as to whether you might be pregnant before you even miss your period. However, the later you perform this test, the more reliable it is. It may be that the amount of HCG that was formed was too small and the test is therefore negative, but you are still pregnant.
When are blood tests and ultrasound examinations useful at the doctor’s?
Even if the fertilization was only six to nine days ago, your doctor can detect the messenger substance HCG in the blood with a pregnancy test, so yes a week before the hormone is detected in your urine. No later than six weeks after the missed period, the gynecologist will determine the pregnancy with an ultrasound. A blood test is carried out, for example, on pregnant women who are suspected of having a ectopic pregnancy exists, or in women who want to know early on whether they are pregnant.
How does an incorrect test result come about?
Your pregnancy test can be false negative or false positive. If the test is done too early when using a too much urine is tested or if you have an unusual day-night rhythm due to night shift work, the result can be negative, although it is actually a pregnancy. Even if you only take the test later in pregnancy, perhaps because you barely noticed the signs, your body is no longer producing enough HCG to show up on the test.
False-positive results are displayed when there has already been an abnormal development and a very early miscarriage, but the HCG is still detectable in the body. The hCG in the body can also be increased by various diseases or by taking certain medications without you being pregnant.
What you should consider when doing a urine test for self-administration
Read the instructions for use of the pregnancy test carefully. It is important to follow the instructions exactly so that the result is not falsified. Each test is structured a little differently, but the manufacturers describe the procedure step-by-step and very precisely in the package leaflet.
It is best to do the pregnancy test in the morning. Morning urine contains a higher concentration of HCG.
For a correct test result, the urine should be undiluted. Therefore, it makes sense that you abstain from drinks for an hour before the test.
If you cannot carry out the pregnancy test in the morning, you can also store the morning urine in a container in the refrigerator for up to 12 hours and then test it. The jar should be clean and soap free, otherwise the result could be falsified.
If that expiry date exceeded or the packaging is damaged, keep your hands off. You want a reliable and not a false result.
Influence normally Antibiotics or birth control pills not the result of the pregnancy test. However, some medications, such as antidepressants, can lead to false results. It is therefore important to read the leaflet carefully.
If the result is not clearly recognizable, it is possible to test the urine again about eight days later. If there are still any doubts, the Go to the gynecologist advisable.
We are interested in your feedback. What is your experience with pregnancy tests so far?
Image source: Cover image – © Ramona Heim – Fotolia.com
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