How to choose sunscreen for children? Is total protection really necessary or can creams with lower protection factors be used? How often should the cream be applied? 10 answers to dispel the doubts of mothers regarding sun protection.
by Alessia Altavilla
Summer. First baths. First walks at high altitude. First days spent entirely outdoors.
First days of sun exposure. How to protect baby’s skin from the risk of sunburn, sunburn, skin spots?
Here are 10 things to know about sun creams and 10 tips to orient yourself in the mare magnum of products on the market.
- WHICH PROTECTION FACTOR SHOULD BE USED FOR CHILDREN?
Throughout early childhood, up to about 6 years, a cream with a very high protection factor (+50) should be used. With older children, and when the skin is already tanned, you can switch to a medium SPF (+30) to eventually opt for a low SPF (+15).
- IN THE LAST DAYS IS IT NECESSARY TO USE THE CREAM EVEN IF THE BABY IS ALREADY TANNED?
The answer is yes. The cream, in fact, also prevents the skin from drying out and losing its natural elasticity. In addition to protecting the epidermis from possible damage caused by incorrect exposure to the sun’s rays.
- FROM WHAT AGE SHOULD THE SUN CREAM BE USED?
From birth if the baby is taken to the sun. Remember that the best time to take a newborn to the sun is between 8 and 11 and after 17.
- BABY BABY MUST BE PROTECTED EVEN IF IT REMAINS UNDER THE UMBRELLA?
Absolutely yes. The umbrella, in fact, filters only a part of the sun’s rays. Those who manage, however, to ‘pass’ could represent a problem for the health of the child causing burns and rashes.
- HOW MANY TIMES SHOULD THE CREAM BE APPLIED DURING THE DAY?
Always after the bath even if the cream is ‘water resistant’ and every two hours if the child plays outdoors (sea, mountains, gardens …)
- IS IT ADVISABLE TO BET ON A SPECIFIC PRODUCT FOR CHILDREN OR ARE MOM AND DAD CREAMS ALSO GOOD?
In the absence of specific pathologies, any product is fine as long as it is tested and not too aggressive for the skin. Yes, therefore, to the use of mom and dad creams with the protection factor suitable for the baby’s skin.
- WHY SOMETIMES THE CREAMS DON’T ABSORB AND LEAVE A WHITE PATINA ON THE BABY’S SKIN?
Creams with a physical protection factor tend to leave a white patina on the skin that protects it completely. Except, however, for specific problems (generally reported by the pediatrician), it is preferable to buy the common creams with chemical protection factor. Easier to spread and more easily absorbed.
- DO SUN CREAMS WITH A VERY HIGH PROTECTION FACTOR PREVENT THE SKIN FROM TANNING?
No. This is a mistaken belief that many have but which, in reality, has no basis.
If it is true, in fact, that with a tanning cream with a high protection factor one tans more slowly, it is also true that, once purchased, the tan lasts longer since the skin is perfectly hydrated and does not tend to flake. .
- IF THE CHILDREN ARE WELL PROTECTED, CAN THEY STAY IN THE SUN ALL DAY?
It would be preferable, regardless of the use or not of the cream and age, to avoid sunbathing during the hottest hours of the day, from 12.00 to 16.30.
- IS PROTECTION NECESSARY ONLY AT THE SEA AND IN THE MOUNTAINS?
Again, a false myth needs to be dispelled. The sun is equally harmful to the skin even in the city, in the countryside, on the terrace of the house. Whenever the child is exposed to the sun for a prolonged period, the skin should be protected with the appropriate protection factor. This does not mean that you have to grease it every time you leave the house. But if he spends the whole afternoon in the (city) park, the most exposed areas should be protected (arms, legs, face, shoulders if they are uncovered …)
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