The pediatrician explains how a baby from 0 to 6 months grows. Weight, height and psychomotor development are the three parameters to be followed consistently
Newborn growth stages
The stages of growth they are the first milestones that a child reaches during his development. They must be kept in sight without panicking if there are any variations with respect to the path and the standard values e they are essentially controlled by consistently following three parameters: weight, height, psychomotor development, through the percentile tables, or graphs divided by sex, which indicate the values relating to the weight, height and psychomotor development of children in their first five years of life.
These stages are not accidental, they follow gods precise natural mechanisms, almost similar in all human beings. If the growth of a newborn is written in its DNA, there are factors, such as environmental conditions, nutrition and conditions that can influence and modify the correct course of growth.
In this article
Weight is a fundamental factor, it is also capable of marking the health of the child, it is the most common and most requested growth parameter, especially by relatives when they see it for the first time. The newborn baby is weighed and it is determined whether he is within the range conventional parameters between 2.5 kg and 4.5 kg. In the days following the birth the loss of about one tenth of the total weight is physiological, which the newborn usually regains in the next two weeks. The steps to follow, of the weight trend, can manifest individual variations, such as the fact that some children have a tendency to gain weight more easily than others, reversing the process over the years.
Height, like weight, is an important stage in a child’s growth, however it presents wide margins of difference between children. In fact, it may happen that in the first two years the child is shorter than the measures shown on the tables and subsequently develop more rapidly.
Psychomotor development is a parameter of great importance: immediately report any motor problems or dysfunctions, learning, on the other hand, does not necessarily have to cause concern: a child may have a slower learning than his peers; it is not a problem, it is important that it still shows signs of interest, liveliness and interaction with the environment and people.
Using parameters is useful to get an idea of the child’s development, but should not be taken with alarmism in case of disparity between the suggested values and the real ones: a consultation with the pediatrician helps to better understand the situation. The first year of a baby’s life is an extremely important period, it makes us witness a series of changes in terms of weight, height, psychic and sensorial maturity.
From the first days of birth, the newborn begins to develop cognitive and psychomotor skills, following a growth path made up of stages that lead him, step by step, to a gradual individual maturation. In describing the developmental stages of the child it should be borne in mind that the stages are only indicative: in fact, each child is unique and has his or her own priorities in the development process.
So there is no need to worry if your child reaches certain milestones slightly late or early while it is important to go to the pediatrician periodically, who will be able to reassure you or guide you in solving any problems, because intervening in a targeted and timely manner can easily resolve any slight delays.
The newborn at one month
The newborn, lying down, already after about ten days from birth kicks and waves his arms, squeezes the finger that is placed in his hand, when he is picked up he is able to keep his head erect. After the first few days, the growth of the newborn is more and more rapid and at the end of the 30 days it should have a weight of around 4 kg, a height of ± 50 cm. If supported, he is able to lift his head and sit upright, feeds on mother’s milk, notices noises, he can follow colored moving objects with his eyes. Crying is her way of communicating a need, and she is likely to start responding to cuddles with smiles. During the first month he sleeps about 19 hours a day, does not distinguish day from night, its sleep is essential because it is proper at this time that growth hormone is produced.
The newborn at two months
In the second month the infant increases its weight again, until it reaches about 5 kg and stretches ± 60 cm., manages to hold a light object in the hands, takes about 5 bottles of milk per day. The second month represents the time when the first pains may appear, such as colic, and eczema or eczema may occur atopic dermatitisa on the cheeks, legs and / or wrists, usually regressing rapidly and spontaneously. The baby begins to sleep less and less than in the first month of life crying becomes more frequent,…