Many personalities who made history presented behavioral traits attributable to autism. Let’s find out who they are.
When we talk about autism we are faced with a group of disorders of neurobiological nature more correctly defined Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) whose symptoms manifest early and persist throughout the course of life.
According to the World Health Organization, globally, 1 in 160 children has an autism spectrum disorder, while the percentage of our country where autism affects 1 in 100 children, involving over 500,000 families, is even higher.
April 2 is celebrated the world autism awareness day. So let’s see some illustrious cases.
Sir Anthony Hopkins.
According to the Mercury News, he received a diagnosis of Asperger’s in old age. Anthony Hopkins’ autistic diagnosis, more specifically Asperger’s, was diagnosed in old age. He told the Daily Mail that he was a loner and said, “I don’t go to parties, I don’t have many friends … But I like people. I like to get inside their heads.” Asked if his Asperger’s helped him as an actor, he said: “I definitely look at people differently. I like to deconstruct, take apart a character, understand what makes it work and my point of view will not be the same as all of the characters. others. I’m offered a lot of control parts, maybe because that’s how people see me. And maybe I’m very controlled because I had to be. I don’t question that, I just take the parts because I’m an actor and that’s what I do. “
George Orwell, Beethoven and Immanuel Kant
They had their intelligence and their exceptional artistic skills thanks to a form of autism. This is what a study conducted by an Irish psychiatrist states that for the first time establishes a link between the syndrome and what is commonly called genius. Michael Fitzgerald, a professor at Trinity College Dublin, drew up a psychological profile of a number of great musicians, writers, painters and philosophers and found that many of them shared one trait: they all suffered from some form of autism. Mozart, Hans Christian Andersen, LS Lowry and Lewis Carroll are some of the great characters of literature and art affected by the syndrome.
Actor, singer, star of The Blues Brothers and Ghostbusters, and has had a long career as a film actor and screenwriter.
He was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual arts movement known as pop art.
the beautiful star of films like Splash, Blade Runner and Steel Magnolias – spoke, just five years ago, of her experience on the autism spectrum. Since then, Hannah has been an inspiration to many with Asperger’s Syndrome. As a child, she rocked to soothe herself, and was so shy that once she started acting she refused to give interviews or even watch her own premieres. Although she has learned to control and live with her diagnosis, Hannah has almost left the entertainment industry to focus on environmental issues and other passions.
There may not be a more famous autistic person alive today than Temple Grandin. The Colorado State University author and professor didn’t start speaking until she was nearly four, and the doctors who diagnosed her had recommended institutionalizing her. Fortunately, his parents did not agree with those doctors. Grandin went on to become a driving force in animal science, was named one of TIME’s 100 Most Influential Characters, and even produced an award-winning biopic about her life. He remains an outspoken advocate of the autistic community and finds it hard to believe that the “characteristics of autism can be changed and controlled”.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Most scholars agree that master Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was on the spectrum. It was assumed that Mozart was extremely sensitive to loud noises, had a notoriously poor attention span, and could sweep through a cycle of facial expressions in seconds. In a well-documented incident, a bored Mozart began flipping and spinning on tables while meowing loudly like a cat.
«I suffer from Asperger’s syndrome – wrote Tamaro in the pages of the Corriere -, this is my invisible wheelchair, the prison in which I have lived since I can remember myself. My head is not much different from an old motorcycle. In some moments the throttle goes to the maximum, in others the spark plugs are dirty and the engine floods ». In the book “Your gaze illuminates the world” he explains how he coexists with pathology and how writing has been a sort of antidote.
The artist who gave humanity the frescoes in the Sistine Chapel was probably an Asperger. In fact, Michelangelo was not very sociable – or rather, intractable – e he immersed himself completely in the work, with an almost fanatical devotion.