International Day of Women and Girls in Science will be celebrated on February 11 around the world. Save the Children wanted to draw everyone’s attention to the fact that today girls and boys are still penalized by gender inequalities, stereotypes and lack of educational opportunities.
On 11 February 2021 the International day of women and girls in science worldwide.
The international organization Save the Children highlighted how girls and boys, in Italy as well as in the rest of the world, are still penalized by stereotypes, gender inequalities and lack of educational opportunities.
This gap, which the pandemic tends to widen, is evident in the results obtained in mathematics and science subjects by girls and girls and strongly undermines access to studies and careers in the world of science and technology. Let’s find out more about it.
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Mathematics, girls and girls have lower results than their male peers
According to Save the Children today in Italy at the end of primary school girls get results in mathematics on average lower 4.5 points compared to male peers. And this disadvantage rises to -6.1 points in the second year of high school and -9.8 in the last year.
Furthermore, among high-performing students in science subjects, only 1 in 8 girls expect to work as engineer or in scientific professions, compared with 1 in 4 among males.
Among high school graduates, boys are more present in scientific ones (26% of all high school graduates compared to 19% of girls), while only 22% of girls graduate from technical institutes, almost half of boys (42 %). Furthermore, only 16.5% of young women between the ages of 25 and 34 graduate from a scientific-technological faculty, compared to a percentage more than double for males (37%).
This path is reflected in the world of work: in the STEM areas (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics), young people represent 41% of PhDs, 43% of academic researchers, only 20% of full professors and among the Italian rectors only 7% are women.
International day of women and girls in science, an online mobilization is underway
On February 11, 2021, date of the International day of women and girls in science around the world, an online mobilization organized by Save the Children will take place to keep attention on a gap that continues to leave behind too many girls and girls, in Italy and in the world.
The online mobilization will be on the platform Instagram, with the direct involvement of many activists and women and girls from the world of science and digital who are particularly active on social media.
To interact with guests it will be possible to write posts on social networks with some reference hashtags: «why #does not want science to realize the obstacles and stereotypes that do not allow girls and girls to establish themselves in study and professional paths in the scientific field, but rather – it is the appeal at the heart of the initiative – #you want a scientist», As Save the Children reports.
“Girls and girls, in Italy as in the rest of the planet, continue to face a gender gap that does not allow them to make their potential flourish, simply because no one believes in them or because they are not offered an opportunity” , he has declared Daniela Fatarella, Director General of Save the Children.
Examples of great female scientists
The very important role that women scientists have played in history, despite the obstacles placed in their path, is confirmed by successful examples that will be remembered during the online mobilization around the hasgtag #without her.
It will be remembered Barbara McClintock, American, forced to study botany because at that time the studies of genetics were forbidden to women, but who was able to win the Nobel Prize in Medicine for her work in genetics. Or Emmy Noether, German, forced to teach mathematics at university with a false and masculine name, and who was later referred to as “the most significant and creative mathematical genius to date” by none other than Einstein.
There will also be the Italian Rita Levi Montalcini, who enrolled in university against his father’s wishes, convinced that for a woman such a career would have involved distractions in the duties of a wife.
And, to get to the present day, we will talk about Hungarian biochemistry Katalin Karikò, the female scientist behind the Covid-19 vaccine.
Fosca Nomis, Head of Institutional Policies of Save the Children, said: “In these days the Italian Parliament is preparing the opinions for the National Recovery and Resilience Plan: we would like it to be an opportunity because on the one hand, investment in education, ‘other transversal attention to gender policies and overcoming discrimination, may represent an opportunity for girls, even those who find themselves in situations of greater marginality, to be finally given the opportunity to fully express their potential ”.