Did you know that most vision problems could be solved if they were detected early? Find out what signs indicate the use of glasses and how to protect the eyes of the little one from birth.
Can babies wear glasses?
There is no minimum age for wearing glasses. Babies with few days of life can already use the accessory. In this case, the lenses are made of a special material, more resistant to breaks and scratches.
While still in the maternity ward, newborns undergo a series of tests, including the so-called eye test or red reflex test. The pediatrician throws a light into the baby’s eyes that should reflect in reddish, orange or yellowish tones.
Anything outside of this may indicate problems, which asks for other tests to find out if the child has strabismus (deviation of the eyes), glaucoma (high pressure of the eye) or congenital cataract (lens of the eye more cloudy).
Diagnosis in children
Up to 25% of children have vision problems, a number that increases in primary school. Children are not always able to speak exactly what they are feeling and this makes it very difficult for parents to diagnose and perceive that something is wrong.
However, small features and demonstrations may indicate that the child is having some difficulties in seeing well. Know what they are and know when it is time to take your child to the ophthalmologist.
1. Frequent headaches
Headaches related to vision problems appear after activities that require greater ability to concentrate. Usually after a day of class or physical activity, the discomfort arises from the effort made to focus on objects.
2. Staying very close to the television
Even if the size of the screens has increased considerably in recent years, if your child needs glasses, he or she will seek to be ever closer to television. Tightening your eyes to see is also a classic symptom.
3. Walking with your head down
In children with strabismus or hyperopia, it is common to observe the preference for walking with the head down. The attitude becomes instinctive as they seek to visualize the path in order to prevent falls and other accidents.
4. Frequent trips and falls
Another common characteristic is the inability to see certain things clearly. That’s why falls, bumps, and stumbles are often common.
5. Scratch your eyes and tear constantly
Another sign of problems is the act of scratching the eyes, which may or may not come with tearing. Besides being a recurrent symptom of eye fatigue, itching can be related to conjunctivitis or allergies.
6. Sensitivity to light
Sensitivity to light can be related to exotropy, which is also a type of strabismus. However, this can manifest itself in other refractive conditions and problems. It is necessary to investigate!
7. Show difficulty with reading
When the child, already literate, cannot read a sentence without getting lost in words or jumping lines, it may be a symptom of astigmatism or strabismus. They can also follow the reading with a finger.
8. Cover one eye with your hand
There are children who automatically cover one eye with their hand to see better with the ‘good eye’. This can happen during school activities or even at leisure, like watching TV. This may indicate a problem of amblyopia or strabismus.
What to do if your child needs glasses?
After noticing any of these behaviors in your child, it is very likely that he will need glasses. Report all symptoms to the eye doctor so that he can make the correct diagnosis and your child starts using the accessory as soon as possible.
And the degree of the glasses?
Did you know that the lyrics test is not the only resource that can determine the degree of glasses. The most important thing is the refraction test, which is when you fit your face into a machine and look forward. It emits beams of light and evaluates if they go through the lens of the eye to form a clear image on the retina.
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