Watch the video on how to recognize and treat children’s dermatitis.
There Atopic dermatitis it manifests itself in children not at birth, but after two or three months of life. It occurs with patches of red, itchy skin, especially on the face and in the areas of the limbs, especially the folds. This is true even if the extensor areas can be affected in the first few months of life.
How is it treated?
Seeing if there are any triggering effects of dermatitis, which can be: excessive washing, or the use of products that are too degreasing; but also an environment very rich in allergens, which can be both animal and vegetable, but also hidden, such as dust. Treatment must be based on these bases: eliminate everything that can trigger inflammation which, if it persists, must be shown to the pediatrician and a dermatology specialist to identify the right therapy.
For daily management, it is important to remember some practical tips:
- avoid aggressive detergents for hygiene. Washes must be daily but short, with warm water and delicate products. Drying must also be delicate, dabbing with soft towels;
- avoid skin contact with synthetic clothing or raw wool, which cause itching;
- hold the very short nails to reduce the risk of scratching injuries;
- apply daily a moisturizing and emollient product.
The most common contact dermatitis, which was once much more common, is diaper dermatitis. This is caused by maceration of the skin due to prolonged contact with faeces and urine. This dermatitis has now almost disappeared thanks to the improvement of the diaper preparation technology, which has led to an almost total absorption of the water contained in the urine.
The treatment is very simple: it involves changing the diaper often, washing the bottom well with running water and a mild detergent, dabbing to dry and applying a thin layer of soothing and protective cream.
Seborrheic dermatitis is also known by the slang term of “cradle cap”, because in the past it was believed that this pathology was caused by the mother’s milk that is too rich. Over time it turned out that there is no connection between the two. But the problem with cradle cap is that it is a phenotype that underlies various diseases: this means that it is a transient non-specific situation that turns, after some time, into either atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. This means that at birth the baby has hormones, inherited from the mother, which cause some sebum to be produced – not only on the scalp, but also a little on the nose – and this sebum acts as a glue. Therefore, the scales that normally detach are incorporated. This sebum is lost within a few months, but if it continues – and turns into seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis – the baby must be taken to the pediatrician and a specialist to make a more precise diagnosis and then treat the specific problem.