Proper dental hygiene in children starts right away. Let’s find out what it takes to prevent cavities and have healthy teeth
Proper dental hygiene in children begins from the first months. It is essential right from the appearance of the first milk tooth to safeguard the health of the mouth. It is important to always use a toothbrush, toothpaste, dental floss and periodically undergo a visit to the dentist.
Children love rituals, so it is useful right from the start to set a good example and show that brushing your teeth is also one of the activities you have to do during the day. It is therefore important that dental health becomes a daily gesture right from the start. Start setting a good example. Eat varied and healthy foods, and follow a proper oral hygiene routine twice a day, brushing and flossing. You will think that the baby does not notice this, but it does not!
A healthy mouth includes:
- healthy and white teeth, free of food residues and plaque and / or tartar
- pink gums
- pleasant breath
Let’s see together how to brush children’s teeth well!
In this article
Dental hygiene in children: 0-2 years
Let’s start by taking care of the oral cavity even before the first milk teeth are born. We start by gently cleaning the gums with a moistened gauze after each meal. Between 3 and 12 months, the first teeth appear, all of which will be in place around 3 years of age. At the end of the complete milk teething there will be a total of 20 teeth, which must be washed daily morning and evening with a toothbrush with a very small head, with soft bristles and a rounded tip. The handle should be long and rounded to allow parents to handle it easily. Brushing your teeth with your child is perfect for setting a good example. This will help the child learn by simply looking at you and imitating you. The diet from weaning onwards must contain foods rich in vitamins C and D (citrus fruits, tomatoes, dairy products, eggs) to promote, among other things, a correct mineralization of the teeth.
Dental hygiene in children: 3-5 years
At this age, children can start brushing their teeth themselves, then leaving the parents to check and complete the brushing. Even if the first few times it will not be a perfect cleaning, it will help the child to become familiar. You can choose a colored toothbrush or toothbrush with animals or even your child’s favorite cartoon, and a lightly flavored toothpaste (strawberry or orange), which can help children brush their teeth more willingly. The toothbrush at this age must have a small head, with soft bristles and rounded tips, and that the toothpaste contains fluoride.
Dental hygiene in children: from 6 years
By age 6, babies begin to have mixed dentition, so they will have baby teeth, permanent teeth, and gaps. At this stage, children can use an age-appropriate manual toothbrush with a small head and soft bristles. From the age of 8 they will be able to start using the electric toothbrush, which can greatly facilitate the brushing maneuver.
The first dental visit is advisable to do it at the age of 3-4 years, after which, except for particular problems, six-monthly check-ups will be sufficient. Going to the dentist regularly is one of the most important habits for caring for children’s teeth.
Dental hygiene in children: necessary
- Toothbrush: must be suitable for the age of the child.
- Toothpaste: Choose one that is suitable for the age of children. Again, check with your dentist to find out which brand is best and whether or not it should contain fluoride.
- Dental floss: it is recommended to use it from the age of 4, with the help of adults. Around 8 or 9 they will be ready to do it on their own.