Bronchitis in children: symptoms and how to treat acute bronchitis and bronchotracheitis in children and infants. How long it lasts and what to do
Bronchitis in children
Bronchitis in children is inflammation with edema and irritation of the respiratory tract. This irritation usually causes cough or difficulty in breathing, the acute form lasts an average of 2 – 3 weeks. The most common cause is a viral infection, but it can also be bacterial in nature. The risk of acute bronchitis is increased by exposure to polluted air, cigarette smoke, the coexistence of asthma and / or allergies, prematurity may be a greater risk for bronchitis.
In this article
Symptoms of acute bronchitis
THE symptoms of bronchitis include:
- Dry cough, cough with mucus which may be clear, yellow or green
- Feeling of chest tightness, chest pain when coughing and choking on deep breathing
- Fever, chills, generalized aches
- Sore throat and difficulty breathing through the nose
- Shortness of breath or wheezing
- Sense of fatigue and exhaustion
How is bronchitis in children treated?
Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, help reduce inflammation, pain and fever.
- For cough there are different products that the pediatrician can recommend and which also help to reduce mucus
- Rest helps the baby to improve.
- Eliminate the mucus from the baby’s nose using the mucus suction pump. Make sure your baby’s nose is clean and clear before feeding or feeding. In this regard, saline waters to be sprayed into the baby’s nose are useful if the mucus is thick.
- Make the child drink liquids to help the mucus flow and keep the air passages in the nose and throat moist, thus also improving cough.
- Use a humidifier to ensure the right humidity in the air, thus helping the baby to breathe more easily.
- Do not smoke and do not allow others to smoke indoors, as nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes can irritate the baby’s airways and cause lung damage over time.
In many cases bronchitis has a viral nature so it does not need to antibiotics, however, if the fever or the pediatrician suspects a bacterial infection, he may prescribe antibiotic therapy.
When to contact the pediatrician
It is good to call the pediatrician in the following cases:
- The baby’s breathing problems get worse or if he gets tired with every breath
- The child has difficulty breathing and these signs are evident: the skin between the ribs and / or at the base of the neck is sucked in or retracts with each breath, the wings of the nose dilate a lot when he breathes and if he has difficulty speaking and / or or to eat
- The child has fever, headache
- The baby’s lips or nails turn gray or blue
- The child is confused, afflicted, awakens with difficulty
- The child has signs of dehydration, dry mouth, chapped lips.
- The little one urinates less and his urine may be darker than normal
- The fever goes away and then comes back
- Cough lasts more than 3 weeks or gets worse
- The child has new symptoms or his symptoms get worse
- If you are worried about the baby’s condition or have doubts.
Bronchitis without fever
There bronchitis it can present in an acute or chronic form and is an important element for the pediatrician to evaluate and propose therapy. The first stage of bronchitis can manifest a mild fever or even no rise in body temperature and therefore we speak of bronchitis without fever. Subsequently, if the viral infection does not resolve, there is an overinfection of a bacterial nature which leads to worsening of the symptoms of the disease which, if not treated, can result in more serious diseases, eg there bronchopneumonia.
Tracheobronchitis in children
It is a’ inflammation involving the trachea and bronchi, the inflammation can be chronic or acute. The causes are various, the most common forms are from bacterial or viral infectious causes, usually it occurs when some problems are present in the child, such as scarlet fever, flu, rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis and tonsillitis, usually given by cooling and humidity of the air.
Bronchiolitis in infants
Bronchiolitis affects infants and children small because noses and airways can become blocked more easily than those of older children or adults. Bronchiolitis occurs during the first 2 years of life, more easily at 3-6 months of age, and is more common in boys, premature babies, babies who have not been breastfed, and those living in crowded conditions. Bronchiolitis is usually caused by a viral infection, most commonly the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). RSV infections are responsible …